К вопросу о справедливости судебных актов в гражданском процессе
The article is devoted to the problem of determining the legality and validity of judicial decisions, the correlation of national standards of fairness act in a civil trial with the standard of a fair trial. The author analyzes the novel in a civil procedural law for compliance with the international obligations of the Russian Federation in the field of human rights, reproduced in Article 6 of the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms.
Article imperious pyramid 1920s characterized as «sustainable imbalance», including between the Central government and provincial. This is achieved by the fact that various centers of power by various functions and the separation of the functions served by a particular system of «checks and balances». The author shows that the development of local authorities in the two major trends: towards democratization, spontaneously ran from below, and to authoritarianism, organizational and supported from the top. But gradually more powerful trend toward authoritarianism suppressed the desire for democratization, which greatly contributed to the local authorities.
The article deals with the issues of responsibility in civil procedural law from the point of theory and methodology of the contemporary jurisprudence. The article gives a new interpretation of the system of legal responsibility and the role of the civil procedural responsibility in this system. The mechanism of procedural responsibility is interpreted through the concept of contempt to court.
The Commentary deals with the German legislation on the legal assistance in criminal matters as well as some other states.
This Chapter provides a general overview of voluntary jurisdiction in Russia. The authors analyse history and current state of this legal phenomenon. The main issue, as authors see it, is the lack of a uniform concept of the Russian voluntary jurisdiction in theory and in practice. In the Chapter authors proceed on the basis that voluntary jurisdiction applies to both substantive and procedural law, within the public and private domain alike and include in the concept of voluntary jurisdiction the three most important areas of legal regulation: court activities conducted in the form of considering non-contentious civil cases; the activities of notarial authorities relating to certification of various circumstances having legal significance, establishing indisputable rights and facts, performing protective notarial acts and the so-called “registration activity” (for ex. civil registration, registration and maintenance of registers of legal entities and other organizations and state registration of rights to real estate).
The judicial statistics on criminal trial by the courts concludes about trace amount of absolutory sentences in modern Russia (0,8 %). The constitutional principle of doing justice by the citizens (for example: jury) is not getting development , but conversely is limiting by the «cutbacks» of the competence of the jury. The article presents a brief retrospective of development of jury trials in Russia , as well as reflect the participation in the establishment and development of jury at the present stage by the authoritative lawyer – S.A. Pashin. Author marked the most pressing problems of functioning of the jury in connection with the implementation the appellate from 1 January 2013. Article aims to acquaint readers with the participation of Personality - S.A. Pashin, in the establishment and development of jury which, need development in the future.
The scientific research focuses on the pressing issue of an implementation of the rule of law and justice accessibility in Russia as a legal state. The core of the research is formed by a comparative study of the issues and objectives of the 1991 Concept of Judicial Reform of Russian Federation and the results of changes in procedural and judicial system legislation during the last 25 years. A comparison is also made between the standards of public services of legal dispute resolution provided by a public legislative authority and the standards of general public services by a public agency and local self-government body and the standards of a fair trial. Comparison is made not only by the level of legal guarantees for public service customers, but also by the dynamics of Russia’s process of becoming a legal state through the implementation of its judicial reform. Procedural legislation is assessed for comprehensiveness of legal provisions of judicial procedures: the order and conditions of a public service; consistency of norms, transparency of the court activities, the provision of safeguards against judicial arbitrariness and red tape, the mechanisms of efficiency enhancement and communication with the court, the compensation for the violation of the fair trial rights in civil, commercial, administrative and criminal proceedings. The court accessibility is assessed for compliance with procedural aspects of the fair trial concept: the conditions of application for the public service, the legal recourse procedures and eligibility terms, terms and size of an official fee, the possibility of fee deferral and exemption, convenience of a public fee calculation, rules of the appeal procedure. Judicial legislation is analyzed in relationship to the principles of transparency and independence of a fair trial concept in the institutional aspect. This scientific study focuses on a transfer of judiciary public services into an electronic sphere, the interaction between the courts and the interaction between courts and the executive bodies: it identifies problems and suggests possible solutions. The work assesses an effectiveness of an implementation of the 1991 Concept of Judicial Reform of Russian Federation and the targeted Federal Programs for the Development of the Judiciary, and their compatibility with the concept of sustainable development in the judicial system. The results of this scientific research have practical value, both for Russian national system and foreign countries seeking to promote the rule of law and court accessibility in the context of the UN sustainable development concept.
The author of the article on the basis of analysis of examples from judicial practice tries to draw the readers’ attention to the problems related to a new type of judicial proceeding — «On Special Procedure of Taking Judicial Decision in Conclusion of Prejudicial Agreement of Cooperation» (Chapter 40(1 of the Criminal Procedure Code) and proposes to evaluate the consequences of decision taken by the judge in the part of punishment for participants of procedure.
The article gives examples of the newest investigative-judicial practice. The analysis of such practice will allow to make a conclusion that definite algorithm of application of articles 108–109 of the Criminal Procedure Code of the Russian Federation taking into account the requirements of Chapter 40-1 of the Criminal Procedure Code has not been worked out so far.
The article is devoted to a particular form of freedom of assembly — the right to counter-demonstrate. The author underlines the value of this right as an element of democratic society, but also acknowledges the risk of violent actions among participants of opposing demonstrations. Due to this risk, the government may adopt adequate measures restricting the right to counter-demonstrate, certain types of which are analyzed in this paper.
Development of standards of international controllability is reviewed in the article. Institutional approach is applied to development of international legal regime of Energy Charter. Definition of controllability is connected to development of international standards of dispute settlement, which are described in the article in detail. In connection with controllability, Russian interest, defense of investment in European Union and ecological investment encouragement, is reviewed in the article.
мировое управление и управляемость, Мировая экономика, международное экономическое право, энергетическая хартия, International control and controllability, International economics, international economic law, Energy Charter
международное частное право; недвижимость; ; школа бартолистов; бартолисты; теория статутов; статуарная теория/