Методические особенности управления проектами в условиях нестабильной внешней среды
In this article are explored different studies of foreign project management models in a dynamic and uncertain external environment. Most of the concepts and tools described in the literature can be called classic, because their use is limited to the value of a stable and predictable state of the project environment. When project management is facing turbulent and rapidly changing conditions, the effectiveness of traditional approaches is significantly reduced, and it had to "shoot with shaking hands on a moving target." In this case we need to use other working approaches to a wide variety of extreme tools, agile, lean project management.
Review, proposed in the article, covers three basic approaches (Change Management, Lean Project Management, Agile Project Management) and two specials cases (Extreme Project Management, Scrum). In addition to a retrospective review of these approaches are considered in the light of specific conditions of their use, especially types of projects, the most suitable for them. Furthermore, the authors carried out a comparison of conventional and unconventional methods of project management, identify their advantages and limitations of use.
The article has both theoretical and practical value: (1) to achieve a better understanding of the factors and conditions, in which traditional approaches to project management do not work, (2) to reach knowledge about modern methods of project management in dynamic conditions of external environment facing uncertainty, (3) to analyze relationship between the sources of uncertainty in dynamic environments and project management tools that help project-oriented organizations to minimize impact of negative factors and take advantage of all issues arising in the course of project implementation capabilities, and (4) identify possible points of improvement in corporate project management methodologies, by providing them with flexible and useful tools.
The article describes the pattern, which allows to evaluate project management maturity in a company and to formulate recommendations related to management evolution. The results of evaluating the level of project management maturity in Russia are compared to that in the United States.
управление проектами, модели зрелости управления проектами, оценка зрелости управления проектом, project management, patterns of project management maturity, evaluation of project management maturity
Propaedeutics of engineering culture in the school should not be limited by familiarity with the school robotics. It is necessary to the development of other components of the engineering culture, such as TRIZ, system analysis, project management, and others. The possible content of these components and the ability of their studying in the "Permian version" of a propaedeutic course of computer science ("TRIZformatics") and contest "TRIZformashka" are discussed.
In this paper some of the task assignment methods and approaches are examined. The analysis of the algorithms considered is showing their strengths and weaknesses. Also, the ways of further research are presented, which aims to develop a methodology for task assignment in project management area.
Education by observation: Students in research process The article argues for a new technology in teaching students of state and municipal management. The method is based on direct observation and description of management practices by students who lack any systematic research skills (the «naive observer» method). The authors ague that the use of this method allows to solve two types of problem at once: a pedagogical one and a scientific one. Students observe, and provide a description of, facts of the Russian provincial life without any interpretation whatsoever, which allows to obtain a picture of the social life that is closer to the reality than the one obtained by use of interpretational schemes of sociologists and journalists. It is only the latter picture that is currently used by the authorities as a basis for management decisions and for developing projects of social changes.
In this work the problem of learning and development of creativity with a view to the position of reflexive psychology, akmeology and pedagogics in the context of the human capital analysis in the conditions of modern society globalization is raised. The theme is urgent from the practical point of view in demand of a creative personality under conditions of the economic crisis and at the same time it is actual, because it interprets creativity in a new way according to interdisciplinary approach. The author emphasizes that a reflexively-creative potential is considered to be the backbone factor of professional and innovative activity in modern social space. On basis of philosophical foundations' analysis of psychology of creativity we theoretically build the conceptual model of reflexive creativity and we also examine the precedents of its psychology-pedagogical development in the secondary and high education (in case of reflexive-psycological support).
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.
портовый менеджмент, показатели деятельности, анализ эффективности, система учета, распределение издержек, методы анализа деятельности портовой системы
At present many industries reveal tendency for setting up of vertically integrated companies (VIC) the structure of which unites all technological processes. This tendency proved its efficiency in oil industry where coordination of all successive stages of technological process, namely, oil prospecting and production -oil transportation - oil processing - oil chemistry - oil products and oil chemicals marketing, is necessary. The article considers specific features of introduction of "personnel management" module at enterprises of oil and gas industry.
vertically integrated companies; personnel management