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This article discusses an important issue of older people’s image in the modern world. The authors’ research results demonstrate that perceptions of older people in Russia are quite controversial, but overall are rather negative. Poverty, inadequacy to the modern world (both in terms of life experience and adaptability to the modern life style), passiveness and concentration on the family and home were reported by the respondents as qualities most typical for older people. However, these perceptions change towards more positive ones while talking about older people they know closely and expectations towards their own older age appear to be more of active ageing, active life style.
Despite the economic and political transitions, slowly recovering birth rate and low life expectancy in 2016 older people are predicted to constitute a quarter of total population (24.8%) in Russia. People considered old now and getting old soon are 'children of the Soviets', which means they've inherited lack of personal initiative, little understanding of the concept of volunteering, and paternalistic views that the State must provide all for people. Younger older people (60-69) reveal the same patterns of very low civic engagement as the rest of the population (4-4.5%), naturally the rate drops further for older ages. However, older people volunteer more frequently than others for particular organizations such as veterans' unions, local communities and condominiums' baords and committees, religious organizations. This role is supported by public expectations that older people're engaged with their families and homes only (63%), 28% believe they are a burden, however 42% think they're a resource. A number of nonprofits do offer a range of volunteer opportunities for older people.
This work contains preliminary data analysis of quantitative survey "Man, family, society" made by Institute of Social Prognosis in 2013 on nationwide sample in 9557 people. The survey provides valuable information about the partnership and reproductive biographies, territorial mobility, education and employment strategy, financial situation and retirement behavior of the population.The focus of our analysis focuses on the demographic and socio-economic behavior of the population, through the prism of the individual and the way of life of the household.
After the economic and ideological changes of the 1990’s older people in Russia have shifted to become the most vulnerable, poor and disrespected group in the country’s population. However, despite the slowly recovering birth rate and low life expectancy, the older population is predicted to constitute almost a quarter of the Russian population (24.8%) in 2016.
However, so called “people’s universities” have long been part of the Soviet tradition and were renewed mostly for the education for older people in the post-Soviet era. Mostly they are supported by non-profit organisations and offer informal education on a range of topics and crafts. These programmes have proved to be enjoyed by older learners and are recognised to be major contributors to active ageing in Russia. Nevertheless, their numbers and capacities are not sufficient to respond to the variety of needs and interests of older people. At the same time large formal educational institutions such as universities do not usually consider the older population to be a target audience for their programmes.
Nevertheless, some political steps have been made by a few Russian regions. This article reports on a national survey of University of the Third Age-type provision for older people in eight cities nationwide. For example, in the Republic of Bashkortostan a region-wide governmentally sponsored programme, “Third Age Universities for All”, came into operation in 2011. A small survey of U3A students in one city is reported. It suggests that while the programme needs to be amended in many ways, it sets a worthwhile precedent and hopefully will be followed by other regions.
Developed countries are facing an urgent problem of population aging. How can we overcome social and economic consequences of aging processes?
The results of research of different areas of personality of homeless men: values, life attitudes, activity, homelessness area is presents. The data indicate the presence of a number of characteristics inherent in varying degrees all homeless people. The data obtained can be used to build an effective program of psychological re-socialization of homeless people.
In 2006, Russia amended its competition law and added the concepts of ‘collective dominance’ and its abuse. This was seen as an attempt to address the common problem of ‘conscious parallelism’ among firms in concentrated industries. Critics feared that the enforcement of this provision would become tantamount to government regulation of prices. In this paper we examine the enforcement experience to date, looking especially closely at sanctions imposed on firms in the oil industry. Some difficulties and complications experienced in enforcement are analysed, and some alternative strategies for addressing anticompetitive behaviour in concentrated industries discussed.