Russia facing demographic challenges. National Human Development Report. Russian Federation
The government Concept fails to take adequate account of fundamental structural changes in family relationships, the microconomy of households and fertility in the medium and long terms. But growing complexity of types and forms of unions, and of the structural characteristics of families and households where children are born, is an undeniable fact that must be studied and considered when social and demographic policy decisions are made. There is every reason to predict further increase in the contribution of informal unions and second unions to fertility. These structural changes have had limited impact on the overall Russian total fertility rate to date, but they may be decisive in the future. The successes of recent years must be reinforced by consistent development and improvement of the government’s family policy taking account of economic, social and demographic realities, which have grown more complex and diverse. The only policy, which stands a chance of success, is one, which broadens freedom of choice for individuals of both genders and families, and enhances their ability to give birth and bring up children in the context of today’s economic, social and demographic diversity.