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Статья

The Effect of Material Properties on the Accuracy of Superplastic Tensile Test

Metals. 2020. No. ISSN 2075-4701.

Tensile testing is widely used for the mechanical characterization of materials subjected to superplastic deformation. At the same time, it is known that the obtained flow data are affected by specimen geometry. Thus, they characterize the specimen rather than the material. This work provides the numerical analysis aimed to study how the material flow behavior affects the results of tensile tests. The simulations were performed by the finite element method in Abaqus software, utilizing user-defined procedures for calculation of forces acting on the crossheads. The accuracy of tensile testing is evaluated by the difference between the input material flow behavior specified in the simulations and the output one, obtained by the standard ASTM E2448 procedure based on the predicted forces. The results revealed that the accuracy of the superplastic tensile test is affected by the material properties. Even if the material flow behavior follows the Backofen power law, which is invariant for the effective strain, the output stress–strain curves demonstrate significant strain hardening and softening effects. The relation between the basic superplastic characteristics and the tensile test errors is described and analyzed.