• A
  • A
  • A
  • АБB
  • АБB
  • АБB
  • А
  • А
  • А
  • А
  • А
Обычная версия сайта

Статья

From wordlists to proto-wordlists: reconstruction as «optimal selection»

Faits de langues. 2016. Vol. 47. No. 1. P. 177-200.

In the paper, it is argued that, in order to conduct lexicostatistical studies for families whose protolanguages are reconstructed on a step-by-step basis, it is important to define and describe a specific methodology for reconstructing "proto-wordlists" of the Swadesh type. Unlike the most common types of comparative-historical reconstruction, which largely focus on phonetic correspondences, a reconstructed "proto-wordlist" must also take into very strict account various issues related to semantics (including semantic typology) and cognate distribution over the various branches of the family. The introduced methodology makes it easier to select  "optimal candidates" for particular Swadesh meanings on various proto-levels and prepare "proto-wordlists" that are better adapted for the task of coming up with a robust genetic classification.