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Статья

The Nature and the Role of Vocabulary Learning Strategies in the Process of Foreign Language Acquisition

The issue of vocabulary has long been regarded as a matter for specialists of a branch of theoretical  language  studies, its impact on practical strategic outcome was referred to in publications on methodology only in the latest circulation discussions, in particular in relation to vocabulary-withdrawing approaches. The present article makes a point about the critical importance of shifting the focus to vocabulary matters in the process of foreign language acquisition, as well as the necessity to revise teaching strategies targeting at contemporary practical challenges. First, the article considers vocabulary as a major means to express thoughts and feelings, and, based on the source and experimental analysis, the importance of vocabulary in teaching a foreign language and the reasons for its significance have been highlighted. Then, it outlines  some of the existing techniques for students’ vocabulary breadth and depth development . Thirdly,   the stages of the acquisition process and suggestions for some efficient tools in acquiring  a new vocabulary are provided on the basis of the experiment carried out. Findings reveal that although the three vocabulary-learning strategies to help enlarge the depth and breadth of students’ vocabulary and make input comprehensible bear some deficiencies  ,  there is  still a perspective reason for their practical application