On the spectral gap in the region of negative pressures
It is shown that, between the values of the activity a = 1 and a < 1, there is a gap, which can be overcome by using additional energy. This energy is defined on the spinodal a = 1 (μ = 0) on theP–Z diagram and gives, in the parastatistical distribution, an additional term of Bose condensate type, which is also preserved for μ < 0. This term is the right-hand side of the Fermi–Dirac distribution. In this paper, it is also shown how to find the “liquid–amorphous body” binodal.