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Статья

Exploiting Order Independence for Scalable and Expressive Packet Classification

IEEE/ACM Transactions on Networking. 2016. Vol. 24. No. 2. P. 1251-1264.
Kogan K., Nikolenko S. I., Rottenstreich O., Culhane W., Eugster P.

Efficient packet classification is a core concern for network services. Traditional multi-field classification approaches, in both software and ternary content-addressable memory (TCAMs), entail tradeoffs between (memory) space and (lookup) time. TCAMs cannot efficiently represent range rules, a common class of classification rules confining values of packet fields to given ranges. The exponential space growth of TCAM entries relative to the number of fields is exacerbated when multiple fields contain ranges. In this work, we present a novel approach which identifies properties of many classifiers which can be implemented in linear space and with worst-case guaranteed logarithmic time and allows the addition of more fields including range constraints without impacting space and time complexities. On real-life classifiers from Cisco Systems and additional classifiers from ClassBench (with real parameters), 90–95% of rules are thus handled, and the other 5–10% of rules can be stored in TCAM to be processed in parallel.