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Статья

Truth and Truthmakers. A Reply to Bourne's Negation

The Reasoner. 2007.
Schang F.

It is argued in the present paper that an appealing attempt to save the principle of excluded middle by changing the truth-conditions of negation without losing bivalence and compositionality is a misleading device: not only does it alter the logical constant of negation, but it makes a confusion between levels of language, namely: a first-order of sentences (related to states of affairs), and a second-order of staments (related to the lower-order sentences).