Syncretism in the Functioning of Verbs with Incorporated Actants
The article focuses on the study of syncretism in the functioning of verbs with incorporated actants in the contemporary English language. Incorporation is seen as the ability of a verb to incorporate actants. By syncretism in language we understand neutralization of oppositions in the paradigm of linguistic units of different levels; syncretism in speech is asymmetry of linguistic units lying in the ability to combine morphological, syntactic and semantic features of several linguistic units in one speech performance. We conducted the studies of functional properties of verbs with incorporated actants both in syntagmatics and paradigmatics. The findings of the paper support the prediction that the verbs possess syncretical meanings.