Leadership Agenda In Strategic S&T Policy: A Cross-Country Comparison
Science, Technology and Innovation. WP BRP. Высшая школа экономики , 2020. No. 112.
This paper represents a review of strategic level S&T policies in several leading (mostly OECDmember) countries. How are science and technology leadership being targeted and realized in most developed economies? What are the composition and drivers of such policies? How do the S&T policies and corresponding challenges transform over the last decade? These and some other questions constitute a discussion based on desk research comprising strategic documents, adopted in Germany, Sweden, China, Korea, and Japan. The outcomes provide certain S&T strategic options for further discussion, in terms of both, policy coordination and meeting the future challenges.
, , R&D Funding Tools: Context And Application Within Global And Russian Practices / Высшая школа экономики. Series WP BRP "Science, Technology and Innovation". 2022. No. 124.
This paper is devoted to a comparative analysis of the typical ways (patterns) in which R&D financing instruments are used in four dozen countries of the world, including members of the OECD and some others. Russia is chosen as the protagonist for this comparison, since its economy is based on specific sources of growth under ...
Added: November 3, 2022
, , et al., Инновации 2013 № 12 С. 34-43
During the last decade new systems of strategic tools of science, technology and innovation (STI) policy has been established in many developed and developing countries. Science and technology (S&T) Foresight in a variety of its forms and implementations is an integral part of these systems. The paper is devoted to the creation of the Russian ...
Added: February 4, 2014
, , Foresight-Russia 2014 Vol. 8 No. 3 P. 58-69
Strengthening the motivation, quality and efficiency of researchers’ work is a pressing issue in all countries. One way to address this challenge is by introducing flexible remuneration mechanisms which are country-specific yet still share certain basic principles such as the relationship between compensation and research productivity. Improving researchers’ remuneration is particularly urgent now in Russia ...
Added: October 1, 2014
, Energy Strategy Reviews 2019 Vol. 26 P. 100378-1-100378-12
National science and technology priority-setting has been an important and regular exercise performed by developed and many developing countries. This is very relevant for the conservative energy industry with long investment cycles. The future of energy is shaped by today's investments in research and development. The Strategy for Science and Technology Development of the Russian Federation ...
Added: July 18, 2019
, , et al., Technological Forecasting and Social Change 2018 No. 133 P. 132-140
This paper analyzes the numerous governments' attempts to build a bridge between science and innovation, starting from the times of the Russian Empire up to the present day. We argue that throughout the whole history of Russian science, the government, being the main driver of scientific development, has largely failed to organize knowledge transfers and ...
Added: April 13, 2018
, Baltic Rim Economies 2010 No. 3 P. 17-17
Today the Russian economy is facing long-term challenges, connected with the global rivalry and exhaustion of sources for growth of raw materials exports. These challenges have led to activation of S&T and innovation policies during the last decade. The shift towards innovation-based growth has been declared in Russia as the key objective of the state ...
Added: January 15, 2013
Science, Technology and Innovation Policy for the Future — Potentials and Limits of Foresight Studies
Dordrecht, L., Heidelberg, NY: Springer, 2013
The book gives practical guidance for policy makers, analysts and researchers on how to make the most of the potential of Foresight studies. Based on the concept of evidence-based policy-making, Foresight studies are common practice in many countries and are commonly understood as a supportive tool in designing future-oriented strategies. The book outlines approaches and ...
Added: June 3, 2013
, , , Foresight 2017 Vol. 19 No. 5 P. 473-490
Purpose Dynamic changes in the world bring challenges for making long-term future-oriented policy and strategy. A number of recent developments like drops in oil prices, increasing global conflicts, mass immigration, and economic stagnation have had disruptive effects on long-term policies and strategies. This new fast-changing landscape requires approaches and tools, which may help to practice adaptive ...
Added: September 12, 2017
, , , Foresight 2020 Vol. 22 No. 2 P. 189-204
Purpose The purpose of this study is to discuss the possibility of setting up a platform for inclusive policymaking process drawing upon the blockchain concept. The study posits that blockchain also has great potentials in non-financial applications, such as in policymaking, where there is a need for bottom-up approaches with more decentralized, distributed and evidence-based processes. Design/methodology/approach The ...
Added: June 16, 2020
, , , Политэкономика 2008 № 9-10 С. 45-48
В бюджете на ближайшую трехлетку заложено, что расходы на науку гражданского назначения составят: в 2008 г. 119,3 млрд руб., в 2009 г. — 139,8 млрд и в 2010 г. — 173,7 млрд руб. Это выше уровня 2007 г. соответственно в 1,2, 1,4 и 1,7 раза, но, безусловно, ничтожно мало. Ведь расходы на науку составляют всего ...
Added: January 15, 2013
, , , S&T Priority Setting. International Practices and the Case of Russia / Высшая школа экономики. Series WP BRP "Science, Technology and Innovation". 2016. No. 67STI.
The paper discusses practices of science and technology priority setting with respect to national and global challenges. General approaches to priority setting with particular focus on types of priorities, selection criteria, methodologies and formal procedures are illustrated on international experience (for Germany and the UK). Recent developments and problems to be resolved in S&T priority ...
Added: October 19, 2016
, STI Policy Review 2014 Vol. 5 No. 1 P. 34-56
This paper reviews the most central analytical and methodological issues that arise in developing national STI strategies. First, an outline of the relationship between national innovation systems and the strategic dimension is presented. The paper shows that science, technology and innovation strategy are often used in different forms and that there is no common understanding ...
Added: December 16, 2014
, , A Policy Perspective on the Russian Technology Platforms / НИУ ВШЭ. Series SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, INNOVATION "SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, INNOVATION". 2014. No. 26.
The paper offers a taxonomy of the technology platforms (TPs) to help assess a platform’s risk level. TPs are seen as a valuable policy instrument that assists a multi-stakeholder formulation and implementation of long-term R&D programs in specific technology areas at economy or industry level. The TPs analysis and the taxonomy are based on the ...
Added: April 22, 2014
XII Международная научная конференция НИУ ВШЭ по проблемам развития экономики и общества. Семинар «Научно-техническая и инновационная политика»
, , et al., Форсайт 2011 Т. 5 № 2 С. 66-75
В начале апреля 2011 г. в рамках Международной научной конференции НИУ ВШЭ по проблемам развития экономики и общества состоялся семинар «Научно-техническая и инновационная политика», организованный Институтом статистических исследований и экономики знаний НИУ ВШЭ. Фокусом семинара стали следующие темы: переход национальной экономики к инновационному росту; научно-техническая политика в контексте глобальных трендов; формирование долгосрочных приоритетов инновационного развития ...
Added: December 9, 2012
, , et al., Cham: Springer, 2016
This volume discusses post-socialist urban transport functioning and development in Russia, within the context of the country’s recent transition towards a market economy. Over the past twenty-five years, urban transport in Russia has undergone serious transformations, prompted by the transitioning economy. Yet, the lack of readily available statistical data has led to a gap in ...
Added: October 19, 2016
Рязань: Рязанская областная типография, 2009
Сборник посвящен вопросам привлечения иностранных инвестиций в российскую экономику. Рассматриваются основные цели и виды зарубежного инвестирования в Россию. Рассмотрена его страновая структура, динамика и важнейшие объекты. Показаны основные изменения во внутренних и внешних факторах формирования российского инвестиционного климата в условиях финансово-экономического кризиса. Проанализированы отраслевые и оффшорные аспекты иностранного инвестирования. Сборник статей адресован широкому кругу научных ...
Added: December 18, 2012
, ООО "Медиа-Принт", 2018
The article addresses the economic complex of Saint Petersburg. It evaluates the current state of the economic affairs in Russian Federation in connection with support programmes, measures and instruments, developed to counter the economic growth slowdown. In particular, it analyzes anti-crisis programme mechanisms in Saint Petersburg and other regions of North-West Federal District. The article ...
Added: February 17, 2020
М.: Издательство МГУ, 2011
Added: October 9, 2012
, , Вопросы статистики 2014 № 6 С. 37-43
In the article the factors having impact on a state and development of the pension system of the country are defined. The analysis of structure and dynamics of the income of the state pension fund, including distribution of contributions to mandatory pension insurance on subjects of the Russian Federation is carried out. Multidimensional classification of ...
Added: December 19, 2014
, , , Форсайт 2016 Т. 10 № 4 С. 25-45
This study evaluates the import dependence of Russian industrial firms and analyzes the ‘switch’ to using Russian products and technologies in the context of their availability and firms’ interest in them. The main information source for the study was a survey of company executives conducted in September-October 2015. The obtained results suggest that in quantitative ...
Added: December 5, 2018
, , Russian Education & Society 2018 Vol. 60 No. 5 P. 402-421
We investigate the main question of whether higher education institutions are able to increase their performance due to mergers, takeovers, or organizational restructuring. The problem of measuring performance when there are several “output” and “input” indicators can currently be solved by recourse to a proven data analysis method (data envelopment analysis, DEA). Two models are ...
Added: August 27, 2018
, , Россия и современный мир 2012 № 1 С. 91-102
The future of small Russian cities is largely dependant on the prospects of reconstructing their life on an innovation basis. There is a program of government support to monocities including small ones which was initiated in 2010 drawing funds from budgets of all levels. 48 investment sites have been created in 26 cities to start ...
Added: August 19, 2012
Oxford Abstracts, 2021
Recovering from Covid: Responsible Management and Reshaping the Economy In 2021, the 35th Conference and 2nd BAM Conference in the Cloud, will critically engage with the socio-economic recovery from the global Covid-19 pandemic. Consumers, producers, frontline workers, managers, businesses, public and third sector organisations all have their own roles and responsibilities in transforming our marketised society for the post-pandemic world. We will critically explore the challenges we all face, aiming to ...
Added: June 12, 2021
, , Local Government and Small Business: Mismatch of expectations / Высшая школа экономики. Series PA "Public Administration". 2013.
The article summarizes the data from a few tens of interviews with entrepreneurs – representatives of a small business. The purpose of the interview was to discover expectations and suggestions from entrepreneurs to the local and state government. Interview data reveal the profound contradictions between the business and the authorities. These contradictions are based ...
Added: May 14, 2013