Interregional Mobility Of Russian Researchers: Moving For A Promising Job
Russian strategic documents highlight the significance of international cooperation for Russian education and science development. The effectiveness of such cooperation is determined by country's activities and resources that correspond to priorities and possess sufficient potential for achieving purposes. The presented article explores the agreements Russia with other countries and instruments of the international cooperation in the field of Education and Science. The author of the paper examines how bilateral and multilateral international agreements (including documents of international organizations and associations) and instruments contribute to the achievement of strategic objectives such as the improvement of research and education quality, the development of Russian education export. The author uses the database of international agreements formed in July 2013 in the framework of joint project of the International Organizations Research Institute and the National Training Foundation. The results of the analyses show that international agreements in the field of science and education do not fully comply with the country's priorities. In addition, a number of key areas of cooperation need to provide the tools for the development of partnership. It is necessary to create coordination mechanism (national strategy of international cooperation in the field of science and education), which will contribute to the harmonization of goals and actions of the country's international cooperation.
The article examines structural conditions which determine the direction of the international student flows. The influence of the two factors is widely recognized in the current discussion on international student mobility. The first one is economic factor which influence individual decision of a student or her/his family to migrate to more prosperous country (pull-push argument). The second is derived from world system theory: students from world periphery seek better education and go to the core countries specializing in information and high-technology production (including education). The article offers a third one - institutional and historical - perspective on international student migration. The structural connections between sending and receiving countries which support student migration are discussed. Methods of network analysis are used to examine UNESCO and Russian State Service statistics and show deep and stable canals of student migration. The results suggest that the deep migration canal direct international students from a former colony to its former imperial centre. Case-study of student migration from Kazakhstan to Russia is employed to describe the organization of international student flow on micro- and meso-level.
This paper analyzes the role of education in economic growth with special focus on countries with high participation in tertiary education. The practical challenge that this conceptual paper is trying to address is that global economic growth is decreasing in the last decades – especially in developed countries.
The report was prepared by Russian International Affairs Council (RIAC) within the project “Russian-Chinese Relations Development” on the basis of research including specific experience of few Russian largest universities. The authors developed a set of concrete recommendations aimed at consolidating Russia`s position in the Chinese education market as well as in the Asia-Pacific region as a whole, and strengthening Russia`s innovation potential through extension of reciprocal bilateral scientific and educational cooperation.
This paper describes the inclusion of Russia in the Bologna process. In addition to the literature review, description of events and their results on two primary objectives of the Declaration (compatibility-competitiveness and academic mobility) are evidenced and exemplified with information obtained through key informant interviews, 35 students (between them, student leaders) and 12 teachers (including department heads) of two of the largest universities Muscovites. The results indicate that the Bologna process in Russia is emerging, characterized by disbelief about the quality of Russian higher education, corruption, and low academic mobility.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The results of cross-cultural research of implicit theories of innovativeness among students and teachers, representatives of three ethnocultural groups: Russians, the people of the North Caucasus (Chechens and Ingushs) and Tuvinians (N=804) are presented. Intergroup differences in implicit theories of innovativeness are revealed: the ‘individual’ theories of innovativeness prevail among Russians and among the students, the ‘social’ theories of innovativeness are more expressed among respondents from the North Caucasus, Tuva and among the teachers. Using the structural equations modeling the universal model of values impact on implicit theories of innovativeness and attitudes towards innovations is constructed. Values of the Openness to changes and individual theories of innovativeness promote the positive relation to innovations. Results of research have shown that implicit theories of innovativeness differ in different cultures, and values make different impact on the attitudes towards innovations and innovative experience in different cultures.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.