the Deficit of Phonological Processing Associated with both Maths and Reading Difficulties Rather than Separate Maths or Reading Difficulties
Издательский дом НИУ ВШЭ , 2019. No. 107.
Ilyushina N., Kuzmina Y., Kaiky D.
In this study, we aimed to estimate the effect of phonological processing in the emergence of specific maths or combined maths and reading difficulties during the first year of schooling. We also estimated whether the high level of phonological processing could be a resource for coping with math difficulties. The study was conducted on a large sample of Russian first-graders (N=3296 pupils, mean age 7.3 years, 49% of them were girls). Pupils were tested twice, at the beginning and at the end of the first grade in their level of maths performance, reading performance, phonological processing, and number recognition skills. In each test, four groups of pupils were identified regarding their level of maths and reading performance: a group with mathematical difficulties only (MD), pupils with reading difficulties only (RD), pupils with both maths and reading difficulties (MDRD) and pupils without difficulties (TD). The probability to move into the MD group, the MDRD group and in the TD group was estimated for pupils regarding their group status at Time 1 and their level of phonological processing. Results revealed that at first grade, phonological processing did not correlate with specific maths difficulties, but associated with both maths and reading difficulties. At the same time, a high level of phonological processing may prevent typically developing pupils from moving into the MD group. Moreover, a high level of phonological processing increases the probability to move into the TD group for pupils who had specific maths difficulties at the start of schooling.
М. : Языки славянских культур, 2012
В октябре 2012 года Игорю Александровичу Мельчуку, выдающемуся российскому лингвисту, автору известной модели языка "Смысл-Текст", исполняется 80 лет. В настоящем томе собраны статьи коллег, учеников и близких друзей юбиляра, посвященные этому событию и призванные воздать должное его научным достижениям, которыми была отмечена его творческая деятельность в лингвистике на протяжение более чем пятидесяти лет. Основной материал ...
Added: November 4, 2012
, , et al., Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 2016 Vol. 10 P. 551-565
Sensitivity to regularities plays a crucial role in the acquisition of various linguistic features from spoken language input. Artificial grammar learning paradigms explore pattern recognition abilities in a set of structured sequences (i.e., of syllables or letters). In the present study, we investigated the functional underpinnings of learning phonological regularities in auditorily presented syllable sequences. ...
Added: March 14, 2017
Neurophysiological Correlates of Top-Down Phonological and Semantic Influence during the Orthographic Processing of Novel Visual Word-Forms
, , et al., Brain Sciences 2020 Vol. 10 No. 10 P. 1-19
The acquisition of new vocabulary is usually mediated by previous experience with language. In the visual domain, the representation of orthographically unfamiliar words at the phonological or conceptual levels may facilitate their orthographic learning. The neural correlates of this advantage were investigated by recording EEG activity during reading novel and familiar words across three different ...
Added: November 4, 2020
Фонетический практикум по английскому языку для неспециальных факультетов университетов и педвузов (со спецификой «Экономика и бизнес»)
, М. : Прометей, 2009
Пособие предназначено для выработки навыков произношения у студентов неспециальных факультетов университетов и педвузов. Оно включает как теоретические основы вопроса, так и совокупность упражнений, позволяющих приобрести указанные навыки. ...
Added: November 4, 2012
, , Психологические исследования: электронный научный журнал 2020 Т. 13 № 69 С. 16-29
The number of studies and programmes on the social and emotional development in schools has dramatically increased in the recent years. There is no doubt now that research and development in this area on every level of education: from nursery to university. But, despite of wide distribution in the world leading education systems, Russian educational ...
Added: April 21, 2020
, Информатика в школе 2016 Т. 123 № 10 С. 46-53
There is the description of the conception "parallel form of the algorithm (multilevel structure)", the procedure of its design and analysis for management of process of parallelization of algorithm. As an example, the investigation of task from the contest "TRIZformashka 2014" is given. ...
Added: January 30, 2017
, Российская тюркология 2018 № 1-2(18-19) С. 16-28
A detailed analysis of the information reported on dialects of the Karachai-Balkar language by various specialists does not permit to hear their reasons against the including of Karachai-Balkar in the West Kypchak group. ...
Added: November 16, 2019
, , Информатика в школе 2016 Т. 122 № 9 С. 42-48
There is the description of the computer game, designed for primary acquaintance with parallel programming. Hyperlink to download the program and several game tasks is given. ...
Added: January 30, 2017
The role of native-language phonology in the auditory word identification and visual word recognition of Russian-English bilinguals
, , Journal of Psycholinguistic Research 2009 Vol. 38 No. 2 P. 93-110
Does native language phonology influence visual word processing in a second language? This question was investigated in two experiments with two groups of Russian-English bilinguals, differing in their English experience, and a monolingual English control group. Experiment 1 tested visual word recognition following semantic categorization of words containing four phonological vowel contrasts (/i/−/u/,/I/−/∧/,/i/−/I/,/ε/−/\ae//i/−/u/,/I/−/∧/,/i/−/I/,/ε/−/\ae/). Experiment 2 ...
Added: December 7, 2019
DIRECT AND INDIRECT EFFECTS OF PHONOLOGICAL ABILITY AND VOCABULARY KNOWLEDGE ON MATH PERFORMANCE IN ELEMENTARY SCHOOL
, , , / Издательский дом НИУ ВШЭ. Series WP BRP "PSYCHOLOGY". 2017.
The main aim of this study was to estimate direct and indirect effects of phonological ability and vocabulary knowledge on subsequent mathematics and reading performance. To achieve our goals we used two-wave longitudinal data from the international Performance Indicators in Primary Schools (iPIPS) data set, which was produced in Russia in 2015-2016. We used rhyming ...
Added: August 28, 2017
Фонетика современного русского литературного языка (Фонетика. Фонология. Орфоэпия. Графика. Орфография)
, , М. : МПГУ, 2018
В учебном пособии собраны дидактические материалы, необходимые для практического освоения курса «Фонетика. Фонология. Орфоэпия. Графика. Орфография» в рамках дисциплины «Современный русский язык»: это и некоторые общетеоретические положения, обойдённые вниманием в имеющихся современных учебниках, и необходимые студенту таблицы и схема, и, наконец, собственно 150 вопросов и упражнений, а также список теоретических вопросов к экзамену или зачёта ...
Added: October 21, 2020
, Современная зарубежная психология 2018 Т. 7 № 3 С. 86-95
Behavioral problems of children with manifestations of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), are recorded by researchers in many countries as a common course of learning difficulties. The high incidence of ADHD raises the question of reliable ways to diagnose it. This article discusses a teacher’s questionnaire, aimed at assessing child behavior under school conditions. The questionnaire is ...
Added: December 12, 2018
Children with Behavioral Problems in the First Grade of Russian School: Similarities and Differences
, , / Высшая школа экономики. Series PSY "Psychology". 2016. No. WP BRP 66/PSY/2016.
Recent research indicates that behavioral problems may lead to low academic performance. The present study is aimed to discover, what differences exist between primary school students who meet a sufficient number of ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) criteria and those who do not experience any behavioral problems, in terms of academic achievements in reading and ...
Added: January 24, 2017
, , et al., / Высшая школа экономики. Series PSY "Psychology". 2016.
It is well known that performance, both cognitive and noncognitive, in primary school is very important for children’s future outcomes. In this study we attempt to classify patterns of cognitive, social, emotional and personal development based on data from first-graders beginning their schooling. We use complex iPIPS (international Performance Indicators in Primary Schools) data – ...
Added: October 12, 2016
, / НИУ ВШЭ. Series WP BRP "Linguistics". 2014. No. WP BRP 19/LNG/2015.
There are two different ways to deal with exceptions in Optimality Theory (OT): Co-phonology and Indexed Constraints. Several works compare the two approaches claiming that the Co-phonology approach is more formally parsimonious than Indexed Constraint approach. This paper presents an analysis of the stress system in Mehweb (Dargwa, Nakh Daghestanian) using a modification of the ...
Added: February 25, 2015
, , , School Psychology 2020 Vol. 35 No. 5 P. 321-331
The study proposes a multicomponent model of subjective well-being (SWB) in elementary school. The model includes satisfaction with school, affect toward school, well-being related to communication with peers, and subjective physical well-being. The aim of this study is to verify whether well-being related to different aspects of school life can be explained by a general ...
Added: August 25, 2020
Когнитивные предикторы академической успешности: как общие закономерности «работают» на ранних этапах образования?
, , Психологическая наука и образование 2022 Т. 27 № 2 С. 42-52
The article provides an overview of modern works devoted to the study of cognitive predictors of academic success. The general patterns of forecasting are revealed: the most powerful and universal predictor of academic success at different stages of school education is psychometric intelligence; creativity is less significant and rather unstable. It is argued that these ...
Added: August 12, 2022
, , Качество образования в Евразии 2014 № 2 С. 83-105
By the end of primary school children acquire all the basic literacy and numeracy skills, but proficiency level of these skills varies greatly among children. SAM (Student's Achievement Monitoring) allows us to define the students’ proficiency level accurately. This article gives a brief overview of the toolkit, and describes the results of testing in one ...
Added: October 18, 2014
, , , Вопросы образования 2017 № 2 С. 206-233
This study looked at the effects of phonological preparedness and vocabulary size in children, who just started primary school, on their progress in reading at the end of the first grade while controlling for other factors that can be related to increasing or decreasing reading achievements (such as SES, parenting activities and noncognitive development of ...
Added: October 17, 2017
Анализ психометрических характеристик инструмента оценки социально-эмоциональных навыков в начальной школе
, , Современная зарубежная психология 2018 Т. 7 № 3 С. 8-17
The article describes validation process of the diagnostic tool for monitoring assessment of socio-emotional habits in elementary school. The tool is based on the Big Five model and includes three scales: Goal achievement, Cooperation and Emotional control. Two validation researches have been conducted, both on third-grade students from Moscow and Tatarstan elementary schools. Preliminary research (N=1318) examined the ...
Added: June 13, 2019
, М. : Центр оценки качества образования, 2010
Added: May 31, 2013
, Вопросы языкознания 2015 № 4 С. 91-133
The paper discusses the main features of Tundra Nenets grammar,which is in many respects quite peculiar from a cross-linguistic perspective. Special attentionis paid to the new book by Irina Nikolaeva «A Grammar of Tundra Nenets» (De Gruyter Mouton, 2014) uncovering a great deal of hitherto virtually unexamined aspects of Tundra Nenets syntax. Careful consideration is ...
Added: October 15, 2016
Two Distinct Auditory-Motor Circuits for Monitoring Speech Production as Revealed by Content-Specific Suppression of Auditory Cortex
, , et al., Cerebral Cortex 2014 Vol. doi: 10.1093/cercor/bht351 P. 1-11
Speech production, both overt and covert, down-regulates the activation of auditory cortex. This is thought to be due to forward prediction of the sensory consequences of speech, contributing to a feedback control mechanism for speech production. Critically, however, these regulatory effects should be specific to speech content to enable accurate speech monitoring. To determine the ...
Added: October 23, 2014
ПРОПЕДЕВТИКА ПАРАЛЛЕЛЬНЫХ ВЫЧИСЛЕНИЙ В ШКОЛЬНОЙ ИНФОРМАТИКЕ. ТЕМА «АЛГОРИТМЫ. СОВМЕСТНАЯ ДЕЯТЕЛЬНОСТЬ»
, Информатика в школе 2016 Т. 121 № 8 С. 5-9
The article presents the chapter of the "Permian" propaedeutic course of informatics devoted to primary acquaintance with the basic concepts of parallel computing: collaborative activity, the coordination of actions, the division of the work into parts, the timing, the coordination by the results, the coordination by the resources. ...
Added: January 30, 2017