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Working paper

Migration of Russian settlers and the legacy of inter-regional development in Kazakhstan

Препринты Программы фундаментальных исследований. WP BRP Series: Economics / EC. НИУ ВШЭ, 2019
Veselov D. A., Kadyrbekov A.
The paper explores the effect of migration of Russian settlers on the intra-regional development in Kazakhstan. We use 1897 census dataset of the Russian Empire and modern economic data to pro- vide links between Russian settlements in Kazakhstan in 1897 and the current level of economic development. Exploiting exogenous geographic and geopolitical sources of variation across twenty-six districts (uyezd) we provide the empirical evidence of the positive impact of the migration of Russians in XVIII-XIX centuries on the current level of development. The paper discusses several channels of such influence: human capital formation channel and the Soviet Union industrialization policy.