The book contains 17 papers presented at the Fifth International Conference on Cognitonics - Cognit-2017 (Slovenia, Ljubljana, Jozef Stefan Institute, 9-10 October 2017) as a part of the 20th International Multiconference ‘Information Society’ - IS 2017, organized by the Jožef Stefan Institute. The papers are submitted by 36 researchers from 16 countries of the world: PR China, Croatia, Cyprus, Finland, India, Italy, Japan, Lebanon, Macedonia, Pakistan, Poland, Russia, Slovenia, Sweden, United Kingdom, USA.
The first objective of cognitonics (or the science about the human being in the digital world) is to explicate numerous distortions in the perception of the world caused by the information society and globalization. The second, principal objective of cognitonics is to cope with these distortions in different fields by means of elaborating systemic solutions for compensating the negative implications of the kind for the personality and society, in particular, for creating cognitive-cultural preconditions of the harmonic development of the personality in the information society and smart society and for ensuring the successful development of national cultures and national languages.
The papers describe numerous aspects and preconditions of successful personal and professional development of the human being in modern information society transforming into knowledge society (or smart society).
The aim of the study was to find out the extent of universality of perception of the emotional tone of information for three types of stimulus material: human behavior, music, and non-musical auditory stimuli. A distinction between two aspects of emotional tone perception was proposed: accuracy of evaluation of its modality and sensitivity to its intensity. Methods to measure these two aspects were developed for three types of stimulus material. The hypothesis was proposed that sensitivity is more universal, whereas intensity is more specific regarding the type of stimuli. Empirical evidence in support of the hypothesis was found.
Period of training in a higher school is a threshold on the professional life way, therefore, it reflects the willingness to vigorously respond to all the vicissitudes of life and desire for constant self-improvement. Data collection is produced at the Higher School of Economics, Department of Management. We assumed that students with high levels of emotional intelligence must have a high rank.
The aim of the current study was to provide an empirical evidence of an emotional state’s influence on the updating of affective information in working memory. The emotional congruence effect was expected: participants in a happy emotional state would be more successful in updating positive information compared to negative and neutral information. It was also expected that participants in a negative emotional state would show the opposite pattern of results. The sample included 66 subjects (age: M = 18.56; SD = 1.02). To measure updating, an affective n-back task was applied with positive, negative and neutral words as stimuli. To induce an emotional state, a combination of autobiographical memories and music listening was used. No emotional congruence effect has been obtained. The pattern of results for reaction times and accuracy was similar in both groups; most likely, it was partially caused by the sequence effect. In all types of trials, participants responded faster after emotion induction. The accuracy of responses to negative (M = 0.83; SD = 0.12) was significantly different compared to positive (M = 0.78; SD = 0.16) and neutral trials (M = 0.73; SD = 0.21). The results show that the updating of emotional stimuli is more effective compared to neutral stimuli; among emotional stimuli, updating negative stimuli is more effective compared to positive stimuli.
The article is devoted to the 80th anniversary of the prominent psychologist and educator - V. V. Davydov, who (together with D. B. Elkonin) has developed psychological base and pedagogical practices of the developing education. The main focus of the elaborated program was the development of theoretical thinking and the formation of readiness to thought and the ability for conceptual thought among school children. The article is an attempt to apply conceptualizations developed by V.V. Davydov to the analysis of thinking as such.The greatest attention is given to reflection and intuition.