The article is focused on the analysis of views of Russian youth on religion,religious values, and The Russian Orthodox Church. The survey of value orientations of the youth in one of the largest regions of Russia (Nizhny Novgorod Region) became the source of the empirical material of the research. This region is considered to be a federal indicator of many socio-economic indexes including religious and confessional ones. The data and information about religious views of the younger generation were collected within several years by means of questionnaire survey and depth interview method. The specific goal of the article is to define peculiar features of religious identity of youth in Russia, and to show the change in the attitude of youth towards the basic religious ideas and values, that demonstrates transformation of value paradigms of modern youth. According to the authors of the article, "ethnization" of religious identity, syncretism of religious consciousness, and aiming at vital values become features of religiousness of the younger generation in Russia. It all leads to distorted perception of some Christian ideas and concepts. As a result the authors draw a conclusion that religious representations of Russian youth are defined in terms of universal factors (indnvidualization and privatization of religion, influence of media and mass culture on religious consciousness and religious behavior), as well as national specificity (significance of the Russian Orthodox Church in national culture, initial tendency to syncretism of thiking, etc.). The authors also try to predict changes of religious behavior of youth due to the process of growing up.
This article contributes to the debate on portfolio and organisational careers and presents the results of qualitative research on young Russian employees. Since the dissolution of the Soviet Union, Russia has experienced several economic and social crises, which has had a signifi cant impact on the labour market. The employment level remains relatively stable in Russia due to institutionalised precarity. The analysis of 60 in-depth biographical interviews with young employees from St. Petersburg demonstrated that young Russians in the contemporary labour market can be characterised by portfolioability. This term is a multidimensional construct that includes practices, meanings of work, attitudes and capital. Portfolioability is expressed in fl exibility, experience, transferable skills and multiple employment practices. Moreover, it is portfolioability, which in some cases becomes a resource of increasing security in the labour market and developing agency.
This paper examines the influence of tobacco smoking on wages in Russia. Using data from the Russian Longitudinal Monitoring Survey and regressions with individual fixed effect we examine the effect of smoking intensity on wages. After the control for unobserved heterogeneity our findings show the statistical insignificance of coefficients on tobacco consumption intensity for men. On this basis we are able to assume the absence of causal explanation of the wage gap between male smokers and non-smokers. Estimates for women dont allow us to make the same statement but show the 9.2% wage gain of heavy smokers.