A Policy Perspective On The Russian Technology Platforms
Monograph contains of a comprehensive research in the field of managing development system of national and international transport corridors (ITC) and devoted to the urgent, but relatively poorly understood and insufficiently covered in the scientific and academic publications the problems of strategic planning, logistics infrastructure and the formation of integrated transport and logistic systems, the organization of multi - and intermodal transportation of cargo in containers to ensure the implementation of export-import and transit potential of Russia in the global system of ITC.
The monograph consists of four interrelated sections. The first section analyzes the history of development and current state of European and Asian ITC passing through the territory of Russia. It is shown that the role of Russia in the development of transit flows of goods in the global system of ITC is prior. The second section is devoted to multi-modal and intermodal freight technologies of the system - and goods movement on the ITC. It addresses the organizational and technological features and the classification of multimodal transport of goods, development trends of intermodal freight containers, justified by the benefits of inter - and multi-modal transportation technologies and their economic efficiency. The main part of the monograph is the third section, in which great attention is paid to strategies for creating major transportation hubs and ports core network of terminal facilities and logistics centers and the formation of integrated transport and logistics systems in the areas of attraction for national and international transport corridors. The final fourth section is devoted to the geopolitical and practical issues of formation in Russia of international transport corridors and issues of national security Russia. The book is designed for a wide range of employees, managers and entrepreneurs of transportation, freight forwarding, industrial and commercial companies, academics and experts in the field of transport economics, foreign trade activities, logistics, distribution and logistics of transport, it can be used by federal and regional governments, researchers, teachers, postgraduates and students of higher educational institutions and economic profile.
The White Paper provides a knowledge-base on the state of affairs of STI policies in the EU Member States and the European Neighbourhood, and in the Central Asian countries, identifies a series of challenges and recommendations on enhancing the EU-EECA STI cooperation and proposes a short-term implementation scenario to a variety of stakeholders.
The findings of the White Paper are based on a broad methodological approach: analytical desk research concerning a variety of EU programmes and instruments was complemented by interviews with policy stakeholders and representatives of the science and innovation communities in the EECA region, as well as by mutual learning exercises, discussions at STI policy stakeholders’ conferences in Athens, Moscow, Astana, Warsaw, and expert meetings on ENPI and DCI as well as meetings of NCP. The presentation of the draft of the present White Paper during the Warsaw Conference was followed by an open web-based consultation process of the wider public, which resulted in additional feed-back.
The White Paper presents a knowledge based approach to tackling major issues of relevance for enhancing STI cooperation between the EU and EECA countries. However, it should be perceived as experts’ advice that neither reflects the official positions of individual countries nor of the European Commission. Stakeholders from the policy sector as well as from the science and innovation communities and civil societies in both regions are invited to reflect on the recommendations given in this White Paper and to draw their own conclusions for joint concrete actions to prioritize and implement in favour of advancing the bi-regional cooperation in science, technology and innovation.
In the present work there are questions of government cluster’s policy based on the strategic management system. There are determined the instruments of cluster’s policy realization, the role of development institutions in using of different forms of public-private partnership and problems of cluster’s structures creation.
The BRICS countries have come a long way in terms of science and related fields, but there is still much that the group could do concerning multilateral cooperation to encourage innovation and address its members’ common challenges.
The book gives practical guidance for policy makers, analysts and researchers on how to make the most of the potential of Foresight studies. Based on the concept of evidence-based policy-making, Foresight studies are common practice in many countries and are commonly understood as a supportive tool in designing future-oriented strategies. The book outlines approaches and experiences of integrating such Foresight studies in the making and implementation of science, technology and innovation (STI) policies at different national levels. It delivers insights into practical approaches of developing STI policy measures oriented towards future societal and technological challenges based on evidence drawn from comparable policy measures worldwide. Authors from leading academic institutions, international organizations and national governments provide a sound theoretical foundation and framework as well as checklists and guidelines for leveraging the potential impact of STI policies.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.
This work looks at a model of spatial election competition with two candidates who can spend effort in order to increase their popularity through advertisement. It is shown that under certain condition the political programs of the candidates will be different. The work derives the comparative statics of equilibrium policy platform and campaign spending with respect the distribution of voter policy preferences and the proportionality of the electoral system. In particular, it is whown that the equilibrium does not exist if the policy preferences are distributed over too narrow an interval.
The article examines "regulatory requirements" as a subject of state control over business in Russia. The author deliberately does not use the term "the rule of law". The article states that a set of requirements for business is wider than the legislative regulation.
First, the article analyzes the regulatory nature of the requirements, especially in the technical field. The requirements are considered in relation to the rule of law. The article explores approaches to the definition of regulatory requirements in Russian legal science. The author analyzes legislation definitions for a set of requirements for business. The author concludes that regulatory requirements are not always identical to the rule of law. Regulatory requirements are a set of obligatory requirements for entrepreneurs’ economic activity. Validation failure leads to negative consequences.
Second, the article analyzes the problems of the regulatory requirements in practice. Lack of information about the requirements, their irrelevance and inconsistency are problems of the regulatory requirements in Russia.
Many requirements regulating economic activity are not compatible with the current development level of science and technology. The problems are analyzed on the basis of the Russian judicial practice and annual monitoring reports by Higher School of Economics.
Finally, the author provides an approach to the possible solution of the regulatory requirements’ problem. The author proposes to create a nationwide Internet portal about regulatory requirements. The portal should contain full information about all regulatory requirements. The author recommends extending moratorium on the use of the requirements adopted by the bodies and organizations of the former USSR government.
At present many industries reveal tendency for setting up of vertically integrated companies (VIC) the structure of which unites all technological processes. This tendency proved its efficiency in oil industry where coordination of all successive stages of technological process, namely, oil prospecting and production -oil transportation - oil processing - oil chemistry - oil products and oil chemicals marketing, is necessary. The article considers specific features of introduction of "personnel management" module at enterprises of oil and gas industry.
vertically integrated companies; personnel management