Новый смысл старых понятий: академическая свобода и автономия университета
Transformations of academic autonomy This is a theoretical sociological survey. The academic autonomy is considered as a metaphor symbolically defining the borders of the university space. The historical survey deals with the transformations of the academic autonomy in the USSR and Russia. Described are current institutional and global threats to the academic autonomy.
Innovation has become a frequently quoted and lived central missions of universities. This book demonstrates however that the mission is not constant. New challenges and opportunities emerge at different moments in history and there are currently a number of important strategic orientations that universities need to consider and balance. Universities face the challenge to balance their different activities and missions in order to ensure sustainable impact on innovation ecosystems at different levels. The authors argue that entrepreneurial universities as we know them today will change their thinking and activities from being purely demonstrable impact driven towards an activity portfolio approach. The latter considers ongoing institutional and governance change paired with a selected number of activities which provide demonstrable and visible impact but also continuing to invest into the free mind blue sky driven work typical for such institutions. Even beyond this the entrepreneurial university features risk taking by means of a research and innovation friendly internal climate and organization which is driven by rigor but not administration and performance indicators.
Nowadays the concept of academic culture is commonly used both in theory of education and in teaching practice. The term “academic culture” has different interpretations in Russian and foreign educational environment. Thus, the purpose of this paper is to examine this phenomenon using comprehensive approach.
The author attempts to clarify the definition of academic culture in accordance with the contemporary situation in Russian educational system and introduces this phenomenon in educational framework and individual academic development.
The author points out that only integration of such concepts as academic literacy, academic maturity, academic culture, academic freedom allows to retrace the individual academic development within the contemporary educational environment.