The Making of Passengers in the Russian Empire: Coach-Transport Companies, Guidebooks, and National Identity in Russia, 1820-1860s
This paper analyses the determinants of national student mobility under the unified system of admission in Russia and evaluates the barriers which still limit educational mobility. It is argued that even with the Unified State Examination (USE) and the decreased transaction costs of applying to universities, student interregional national mobility is directed towards more developed regional educational markets and richer regions, but is still limited due to the financial constraints in the absence of the additional student support. Russia is an interesting case, because it consists of regions with highly variable socio-economic development and it represents local higher education markets with different levels of competition between universities, which may influence the decision to move. USE was intended to mitigate against these differences, and for political reasons under USE such differences are not considered the main barriers of access to higher education. However, this study takes into account the importance of the institutional characteristics of regions in student mobility.
This book examines how mobility was designed in the 20th century Europe. Martin's article is concerned about Interwar Sweden - the time when modern transports involved in our life strongly.
Modern corporate culture in the context of Bauman’s liquid modernity is greatly defined by the level of freedom, in particular, flexibility, mobility, new technologies and mass communications. Staying connected 24/7 both in professional and private life known as ‘hyperconnectivity’ becomes commonplace. Hyperconnectivity entails not only positive but also negative consequences regarding the effectiveness of an individual’s work as well as the work of entire organizations. The purpose of the article is to consider the negative aspects of the use of mobile devices as a way to establish work-life balance in the context of modern liquidity. Individual’s ‘right to disconnect’ minimizing the adverse effects of hyperconnectivity is essential to the analysis of the issue. The right to disconnect is a new addition to the list of labor rights allowing an individual to disconnect from the work primarily by switching off email or disabling workrelated messages during nonworking hours. To study the need to introduce ‘the right to disconnect’ and to achieve a better work-life balance the authors examine the labor practices in South Korea and two European countries (Germany and France).
Due to the technological development we faced problem of not implementing new technologies in order to help displaced people and refugees or sometimes we only introduce some basic services. It is necessary to remind about disasters which we unfortunately can’t predict and which usually completely change citizens’ life. People have to move from their neighborhood to other places (usually) to other countries where they do not know local cultural specification and traditions, local laws and they are not able to assimilate easily.
Technological development already introduced to us global networks – like Internet and GSM, and mobile technologies and devices – like cellphones, tablets and laptops.
The most common and popular solution is our cell phone. For the last 10 years manufacturers brought cell phones to the new level of development – with cell phone hardware and software called mobile applications which resulted to the fast growth of mobile devices and applications popularity. Mobile devices give us mobility and it is one of the key factors made them popular.
In the article attention is paid to the issue of territorial migration of youth. The concepts of migration and mobility, a comparative analysis of the two youth groups: the first group included young people from 17 to 30 years, the second people in the same age category who change their place of residence for professional education of the first level. The analysis is performed on parameters such as residence, marital status, education, work, life satisfaction in general.