The Making of Passengers in the Russian Empire: Coach-Transport Companies, Guidebooks, and National Identity in Russia, 1820-1860s
One of the recent major steps towards 5G cellular systems is standardization of 5G New Radio (NR) operatingin the millimeter wave (mmWave) frequency band. This radio access technology (RAT) will potentially provideextraordinary rates at the access interface enabling the set of new bandwidth-greedy applications. However,the blockage of the line-of-sight (LoS) path between 3GPP NR access point (AP) and the user equipment (UE)is known to drastically degrade the performance of the NR communication links thus leading to potentialoutage conditions. Although the problem of characterizing LoS blockage process has been addressed in therecent literature, the proposed models are mostly limited to stationary locations of APs and UE. In our study,we characterize properties of the LoS blockage process under simultaneous mobility of both blockers and UE.The model is then extended to the cases of Poisson AP deployment, multi-connectivity, and mobility of APrepresenting ‘trilateral’ (three-sided) mobility model. We also specify a Markov-based model of the blockageprocess that can be efficiently used in both system level simulations and analytical analysis of 3GPP NR systems.Using this model we demonstrate how to derive various metrics of interest including (i) ,fraction of time inblockage, (ii) SNR and capacity process dynamics, (iii) probability that at time𝑡UE is at the blockage ornon-blockage state, (iv) mean and distribution of time to an outage.
Article examines the migration of urban working age middle-class citizens to rural areas. Research focuses on de-urbanization processes, mobility (both physical, from the city to rural areas, and socio-cultural), the construction of rural localities by the ex-citizens, and their interaction with local and city communities, as well as the new social realities emergence. The research is concentrated on the nonurban spaces of the Near North, where in-depth interviews were carried out during a cross-disciplinary expedition. Article is focused on moving from urban to non-urban spaces, professional activities of the settlers, and their interaction with social environment We examine the ‘production of locality’ concept, specifics of new hybrid identities, and lifestyles of those moved to rural areas. There are several trends in the process of constructing new localities. On the one hand, the locality produced by city migrants fills rural space with ‘humanistic’ meanings, opens the door to its rational use, making it attractive while forming the resource streams, strongly connected to the city. However, at the same time there is a tendency of producing of quasi-traditional ‘rurality’ and ‘theme parks’ construction, simulacrum-
This book examines how mobility was designed in the 20th century Europe. Martin's article is concerned about Interwar Sweden - the time when modern transports involved in our life strongly.
This book analyses the dynamics of regional migration governance and accounts for why, how and with what effects states cooperate with each other in diverse forms of regional grouping on aspects of international migration, displacement and mobility. The book develops a framework for analysis of comparative regional migration governance to support a distinct and truly global approach accounting for developments in Africa, Asia-Pacific, Central Asia, Europe, the Middle East, North America and South America and the many and varying forms that regional arrangements can take in these regions.
The growing salience of migration in today’s political and economic climate has drawn attention to the relevance of regional responses to global human mobility. This unique book explores the dynamics of migration governance beyond the traditional perspective of the state and examines why, how and with what effects states cooperate at a regional level on aspects of international migration and mobility. Developing an innovative approach centred on the organisation of migration governance, The Dynamics of Regional Migration Governance provides a comparative analysis of developments in regional and sub-regional migration governance on a truly global scale. From Africa, Asia-Pacific and Central Asia, to Europe, the Middle East and North and South America, leading scholars offer a fresh understanding of the trajectories and particularities of regional migration governance. These engaging chapters show how human mobility and its governance can create tensions between states that hinder or prevent cooperation. Providing a much-needed shift from a focus on governance outputs to governance processes, this compelling book highlights how regional practices, processes and structures of migration governance can play an active role in producing understandings of international migration as a social and political issue. Deploying geographical scope, conceptual insight and empirical depth, this comprehensive book is ideal for advanced students, as well as scholars investigating regionalism, migration and mobility. An acutely relevant work, it will also appeal to professional practitioners and policymakers working in international migration.
Due to the technological development we faced problem of not implementing new technologies in order to help displaced people and refugees or sometimes we only introduce some basic services. It is necessary to remind about disasters which we unfortunately can’t predict and which usually completely change citizens’ life. People have to move from their neighborhood to other places (usually) to other countries where they do not know local cultural specification and traditions, local laws and they are not able to assimilate easily.
Technological development already introduced to us global networks – like Internet and GSM, and mobile technologies and devices – like cellphones, tablets and laptops.
The most common and popular solution is our cell phone. For the last 10 years manufacturers brought cell phones to the new level of development – with cell phone hardware and software called mobile applications which resulted to the fast growth of mobile devices and applications popularity. Mobile devices give us mobility and it is one of the key factors made them popular.
The subject of this article is the new role of individual mobility in the development of the territories of Siberia and the Far East. The purpose of the study was to justify the importance of a comprehensive study of the phenomenon of mobility as the most important factor in the new economic growth of Siberia and the Far East after using a set of regional analysis methods – statistical, sociological, cartographic, and others. In the regions of Siberia and the Far East, the last thirty years there has been a ‘quiet’ revolution of mobility – when automobiles got a rapid development to compensate for exploding airfares, especially in the zone of non-alternative transport and especially in winter. Its role in the consolidation of communication, in the flow of knowledge, in the transfer of best practices and innovations is extremely significant. Since transport and local transport systems play such a decisive role in the development of the sparsely populated territories of Siberia and the Far East, it is natural to see the reserves for the growth of these territories through their modernization. There are three zones of transport arrangement: 1) alternative, 2) non-alternative and 3) off-road transport. In the first zone, we are talking about strengthening innovation centers in interregional transport hubs. In the second, about the emancipation of the forces of mobility (primarily of individuals and small businesses), in the third, about the comprehensive promotion of non-stationary forms of temporary closeness as a source of fruitful communication and places of birth of new ideas.
In the article attention is paid to the issue of territorial migration of youth. The concepts of migration and mobility, a comparative analysis of the two youth groups: the first group included young people from 17 to 30 years, the second people in the same age category who change their place of residence for professional education of the first level. The analysis is performed on parameters such as residence, marital status, education, work, life satisfaction in general.