Демографические перспективы России до 2100 года
In the past decades Foresight has been significantly developed as a tool for long-term forecasting in the field of power generation and energy efficiency. Such research aims at investigation of the most promising innovation strategies in this area, identifying various (including alternative) ways to achieve technological and market goals with the participation of best qualified experts. Such Foresight method as Roadmapping is widespread in the world practice. It helps to shape complex and interrelated views on prospects of innovation development in specific areas of energy efficiency, it links R&D programmes with creation of technologies and products, as well as their subsequent commercialization. The paper provides an overview of the world Foresight experience aimed at creating vision of the future and building innovation strategies related to energy efficiency. Special attention is paid to the Russian research practice, in particular to different types of Foresight projects implemented by the specialists of State University - Higher School of Economics. The authors describe the results of main projects dedicated to shape the future of energy-efficient technologies and to develop of innovation strategies on their application.
In article the market of cars before crisis, features of its growth on a boundary of centuries is considered, manufacturers are investigated world production of vehicles on segments and the largest companies. Change of manufacture of cars for last 20 years is shown. Dynamics of structure of the market of cars in Russia in 2001-2008 is analyzed considered, how modern crisis will affect repartition of the world market of cars and the tendency of its development (in countries and price aspects). Authors do the short-term and long-term forecast of development of the Russian market of cars.