Новая волна революций в регионе Ближнего Востока и Северной Африки в глобальной перспективе
In the late 2010s countries of the Middle East and North Africa/The MENA has been swept by a new revolutionary wave, called "Arab Spring 2.0". This article proposes a preliminary description and analysis of this revolutionary wave in the MENA region. The scale of the protests in the late 2010s approached scale of the "Arab Spring" and led to the fall of the regimes in Sudan, Algeria and Mali. Moreover, the protests became permanent in Lebanon and Iraq, and in Egypt and Iran they were suppressed at the cost of significant civilian casualties. As in the case of the events of the Arab Spring, the new revolutionary wave was characterized by a domino effect, when success revolutionaries in one of the countries of the region gave rise to the growth of protest moods in another. An important synchronizing factor was also dissatisfaction with rising food and fuel prices, which caused people to take to the streets in all countries of the Arab Spring 2.0. At the same time, the economic agenda was replaced by a political one and updated in each of the countries old unresolved problems, which, as a rule, systemic character. On the other hand, the events of the new
revolutionary wave were distinguished by a pronounced directed "against all", against the political class in
in general, and not only against a particular autocrat, as is often the case most observed during the Arab Spring. It is no coincidence that the main slogan of the new revolutionary wave was "Everyone must leave" (with variations). In other words, faced with situations where the departure of the dictator does not solve anything or the political system does not in principle imply his existence, the protesters directed their dissatisfaction against the entire political establishment.