Опросник субъективного отчуждения
15.01.07 Философские вопросы и методология психологии
15.01.11 Современное состояние и перспективы развития психологии
15.21.51 Психология личности
The scientific significance It was proposed to use relative position of motivational objects in the multidimensional space of evaluation scales and projections of motivational objects on these scales as motive's indicators. Novelty and originality Original data about work motivation of professionals, workink in financial sector, were received.
Relevance Modern trends of business development in Russia suggest increasing companies' interest in the effective human capital management . One of the work with personnel key directions is the motivation and stimulation of workers with the purpose to improve company's efficiency, reduce employee turnover and retention of qualified experts, reduction of costs on personnel. In this regard, there is a growing need for scientific study of the personnel imotivation in Russian companies, due to the cultural characteristics of the society.
The scientific importance.
Paper shows the results of the development of new methodological tools, based on diagnostics of work motivation, proved the principal possibility of diagnostics of motivation by obtaining subjective differences between motivational objects in space of evaluation scales.
Novelty and originality.
Paper presents original the original procedure of work motivationevaluation, involving the decision motivational tasks in the conditions of involuntary comparison of 16 motivational objects on 6 evaluation criteria.
The urgency of work motivation issues has increased during the transition from a command to a market economy in the early 1990s, when management principles have been changed. Modern trends of business development in Russia assume more and more companies which are interested in the effective management of human capital. Motivation is one of the most important parts of HR proceses in organization.
The article deals with general and special traits of two approaches belonging to humanitarian “understanding” paradigm and using phenomenology: person-centered approach (PCA) by C. Rogers and existential analysis (EA) in its version by V. Frankl – A. Laengle. It is shown, how the different treatment of a core of a human – as ogranismically preformed in PCA and as spiritual and free in EA – leads to differences in basic principles of psychotherapy: dialog as “mirroring” in PCA vs. free emotionality + understanding of theme of emotionality + decision based on conscience + adequate realization of the decision in concrete actions in EA.
Psychotherapeutic practice calls for creating conceptions of autonomy, which can be utilized in work with clients. This article focuses on the psychotherapeutic approach called 'existential analysis and logotherapy' and makes explicit its ideas regarding autonomy. Specifically, the three key theoretical underpinnings of understanding and development of one's autonomy are described. It was shown that the existential-analytical practice is guided by the notions of 'person', dialogue/relatedness and phenomenology. The structural model of autonomy on the basis of existential analysis is discussed. It is argued that, although traditionally autonomy is strongly associated with the third fundamental motivation – the motivation to 'be oneself', this position is insufficient for practice. Thus, the central argument of the paper is that, from structural perspective, the useful way to address the issue of autonomy is to consider it as the interplay of the four fundamental existential motivations, described by A. Längle. Therefore, the process of maintaining of autonomy includes four different kinds of affirmation. The person says ‘yes’ to his or her subjective reality, own feelings, uniqueness and distinctiveness, and agentive presence in others and in the world. The paper also provides illustrations from psychotherapeutic practice to justify this standpoint.