К вопросу о предпосылках юридического позитивизма Дж. Остина в договорной теории естественного права
The article is devoted to interaction of economics and ethics in historical and modern aspects. Historically the liberation of economics from moral categories is considered in three ways: as a search of "natural" lawes in 1) functioning of means, 2) description of economic environment and 3) behavior. On the other hand, ethical significance of such economic notions as choice, purposes, welfare is revealed. Finally, some attempts of modern economists and methodologists to extend the concept of economic rationality in ethical perspective are discussed.
This book of conference papers includes presentations and articles of Russian scholars, who took part in the 1998 conference in the lae faculty of Mari State Univeristy. The leading scholars discussed problems of theory and philosophy of law and teaching programs on theory of state and law discipline in Russian law schools.
The article is concerned with several turning points in the history of the concept of the legal principle in European law as represented in the treatises of some leading lawyers of ancient Rome, the Middle Ages and the modern age. The main point is that the idea of legal principle did not exist in Roman Law, but it was partly developed in medieval civil law and found its full expression in the treatises of those academicians who advocated the natural law.
The book for individual reading in legal English is aimed at students in law. Each part of the book contains several non-fictional texts, tasks for understanding and practicing new vocabulary. The book will help students to thoroughly study each topic either individually, or during classes. The book can be also useful for those who study English in the sphere of law.