Public Administration in Russia
At the moment of the Soviet Union’s breakup it was generally expected that Russia’s Post-Communist transformation would make a successful transition to a modern democratic state. These expectations soon faded away, but the need for institutions capable of supporting social and economic development remains urgent. This chapter provides a description of the Public Administration system in the post-Soviet Russia focusing on the political and social aspects of its evolution.
The article is devoted to the principles of licensing procedures’ legal regulation. The interrelationship of these principles with efficiency of public administration is proved. The emphasis is placed on the necessary legalization of the principle of differentiation of the Executive authorities’ permissive powers.
The aim is to identify the most important principles of the licensing procedures’ legal regulation on the base of the analysis of the Russian doctrine, domestic and foreign legislative practice, principles of OECD regulatory policy (OESR), as well as to justify the need to form the value priorities of officials as a basis for the effective use of the administrative procedures’ principles. Analysis of current trends in the processvalidate of public services, the use of general scientific (logical, systemic) and special legal methods (formal-legal, comparative legal) allowed to present the place of the principles of legal regulation of licensing procedures in the public administration system. In the context of the importance of the normative aspect in the legal regulation of the Executive authorities’ permissive activity, the significance of determining the principal approaches to the content of the legislative fixation of the principles of administrative procedures is proved. It is concluded that the most important principle of the licensing procedures’ legal regulation is the principle of differentiation of licensing powers. Its content is revealed through: 1) reference (correlation) of Federal and regional permissive legislation; 2) clarity in the definition of permissive powers of Executive bodies with different in scope competence blocks (General and special competence); 3) consistency in the implementation of the constitutional provision on the delimitation of subjects of competence between the Russian Federation and its subjects in the "permissive" rules of Federal legislation. It is also suggested that the effect of the principles of administrative procedures is determined not so much by their legalization, but by the formation of the so-called "axiom of legal consciousness" in the subjects of management. It is stated that the principles clearly fixed in the current legislation and mandatory for use in the practice of public administration can project the traditional legal values into the consciousness of the power participants of administrative relations and to form behavioral aspects of regulatory policy in the context of the newly formed concept of public governance in Russia.
The book of articles based on NISPA Annual conference final selected reports (Macedonia, OHrid, May 23-26).
The article discusses the features of challenging legal acts and decisions of state authorities in accordance with the Code of Administrative Procedure of the Russian Federation. Unfortunately, many modern problems of administrative legal proceedings are historically predetermined by the peculiarities of Russian legislation, which were laid down during the Soviet period. Two years later, the established law enforcement practice of the CAS RF allows for an analysis and preliminary assessments of the main trends (trends) in the development of both legislation and the practice of administrative legal proceedings.
The article is devoted to the Russian public administration. The emphasis is made on the Russian ministries activities. The main problems of the theory and practice of the ministries’ functioning are discussed. Attention is given to the system and structure of executive bodies, to the content and types of administrative acts. Historical analogies and the definition of some historical traditions in the work of ministries of the Russian Empire and modern Russia are conducted.
Quality in service delivery requires government agencies to exhibit innovative activities. Surprisingly little research exists on the self-efficacy of municipal employees engaging in innovative activities. Using survey data from 1,700 Russian municipal employees this study finds that innovative self-efficacy of front- and mid-level employees results from high levels of proactivity, strong prosocial motivation, a strong perception of empowerment, and more than 7 years of working experience. Our findings imply a potential for change-oriented behavior among municipal employees. We argue that rigid centralism in decision-making and a culture of self-enrichment (as opposed to prosocial motivation) prevent innovative self-efficacy becoming public service improvement on a large scale more frequently.
Moscow has unique context for smart city development. Historical background, cultural heritage were reflected strongly in Moscow urban planning process. The key idea and a challenge for Moscow Government is to control and manage effectively city infrastructure by saving costs and bringing new quality. Department of Information Technologies plays a key role in this goal implementation because the most efficient driver for this goal is information technologies. Moscow follows main world tendencies in technological enactment in education, road trafficking, healthcare system, public services provision, citizens’ security and privacy, interactive education system, housing and utilities.
In connection with the development of forms and methods of government, the complication of social relations, the system of state control and supervision is of particular importance. Currently, there is a modernization of the supervisory activity, which is part of the government. In this regard, when reforming the system of state control and supervision it is necessary to apply a systematic approach.
This work serves as a comprehensive collection of global scholarship regarding the vast fields of public administration and public policy. Written and edited by leading international scholars and practitioners, this exhaustive resource covers all areas of the twin fields of study. In keeping with the multidisciplinary spirit of these fields, the entries make use of various theoretical, empirical, analytical, practical, and methodological bases of knowledge.
The encyclopedia provides a snapshot of the most current research in public administration and public policy, covering such important areas as:
1. organization theory, behavior, change and development
2. administrative theory and practice
4. public budgeting and financial management
5. public finance and public management
6. public personnel and labor-management relations
7. crisis and emergency management
8. institutional theory and public administration
9. law and regulations
10. ethics and accountability
Relevant to professionals, experts, scholars, general readers, and students worldwide, this work will serve as the most viable global reference source for those looking for an introduction to the field.