Public Administration in Russia
At the moment of the Soviet Union’s breakup it was generally expected that Russia’s Post-Communist transformation would make a successful transition to a modern democratic state. These expectations soon faded away, but the need for institutions capable of supporting social and economic development remains urgent. This chapter provides a description of the Public Administration system in the post-Soviet Russia focusing on the political and social aspects of its evolution.
The book of articles based on NISPA Annual conference final selected reports (Macedonia, OHrid, May 23-26).
In the book the issues of the ratio of public administration and executive power are investigated. The legal status of Executive authorities is tested. The concrete forms of interaction of Executive bodies with external non-government actors are presented. The content of the legal regime of bodies of the state Executive bodies coperation in Russia is displayed.
Computer simulation, an active learning technique, is now one of the advanced pedagogical technologies. The use of simulation games in the educational process allows students to gain a firsthand understanding of the processes of real life. Public administration, public policy, and political science courses increasingly adopt simulation games in universities worldwide. Besides person-to-person simulation games, there are computer-based simulations in public administration education. Currently in Russia the use of computer-based simulation games in Master of Public Administration (MPA) curricula is quite limited. This paper focuses on computer-based simulation games for students of MPA programs. Our aim was to analyze outcomes of implementing such games in MPA curricula. We have done so by (1) developing three computer- based simulation games about allocating public finances, (2) testing the games in the learning process, and (3) conducting a posttest examination to evaluate the effect of simulation games on students’ knowledge of municipal finances. This study was conducted in the National Research University Higher School of Economics (HSE) and in the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (RANEPA) during the period September to December 2015, in Saint Petersburg, Russia. Two groups of students were randomly selected in each university and then randomly allocated either to the experimental or the control group. In control groups (n=12 in HSE, n=13 in RANEPA) students had traditional lectures. In experimental groups (n=12 in HSE, n=13 in RANEPA) students played three simulation games apart from traditional lectures. This exploratory research shows that the use of computer-based simulation games in MPA curricula can improve students’ outcomes by 38%. In general, the experimental groups had better performance on the posttest examination (figure 2). Students in the HSE experimental group had 27.5% better scores than students in the HSE control group. Students of the RANEPA experimental group had 38.0% better scores than students in the RANEPA control group. Research indicates that lecture-based courses are less effective than courses with more interactive approaches. Therefore, our study highlights the need to implement computer-based simulation games in MPA programs in Russian universities. Computer-based simulation games provide students with practical skills for their future careers.
The article dwells on the concept of outsourcing and suggests its implementation in public administration. The authors analyze doctrinal approaches to the understanding of outsourcing, identify the characteristics of outsourcing in government, examine the legal basis of the usage of outsourcing in the government of the Russian Federation and foreign countries. A general survey of outsourcing practice is introduced, which helps to choose the most appropriate strategy of outsourcing development in public administration.
This book will provide one of the first comprehensive approaches to the study of smart city governments with theories and concepts for understanding and researching 21st century city governments innovative methodologies for the analysis and evaluation of smart city initiatives. The term “smart city” is now generally used to represent efforts that in different ways describe a comprehensive vision of a city for the present and future. A smarter city infuses information into its physical infrastructure to improve conveniences, facilitate mobility, add efficiencies, conserve energy, improve the quality of air and water, identify problems and fix them quickly, recover rapidly from disasters, collect data to make better decisions, deploy resources effectively and share data to enable collaboration across entities and domains. These and other similar efforts are expected to make cities more intelligent in terms of efficiency, effectiveness, productivity, transparency, and sustainability, among other important aspects. Given this changing social, institutional and technology environment, it seems feasible and likeable to attain smarter cities and by extension, smarter governments: virtually integrated, networked, interconnected, responsive, and efficient. This book will help build the bridge between sound research and practice expertise in the area of smarter cities and will be of interest to researchers and students in the e-government, public administration, political science, communication, information science, administrative sciences and management, sociology, computer science, and information technology. As well as government officials and public managers who will find practical recommendations based on rigorous studies that will contain insights and guidance for the development, management, and evaluation of complex smart cities and smart government initiatives.
The issue is devoted to the historical traditions in creating the concept of administrative act in the Russian Empire in the XIX – early XX century. Parallels with modern approaches to the content of “administrative act” in different branches of modern law are presented. The conclusion about a broader interpretation of “administrative act” in the modern theory of administrative law, rather than 200 years ago is made. Anyway, today “administrative act” is an act of public administration, which can have both individual and normative.
The article is dedicated to the problem of methodology of law effectiveness assessment. Ex post assessment, as the recently introduced instrument, and its perspectives are analysed. Institutional and informative aspects are investigated.
The article presents an overview of the presentations and comments of experts participated in the anniversary Saint-Petersburg International Economic Forum, which was held June 16-18,2016. The authors formulated fundamental conclusions, summarizing the results of the forum's discussions, presented recommendations for improving the effectiveness of international economic activities of the Russian Federation, and disclosed specific and general solutions for the development of economy brunches (including energy sector, transport, tourism, science, etc.) proposed by the participants. As one of the most important threats to the country's development the disparities of economic and demographic development were highlighted. According to experts' opinion overcoming this threat requires improving the regional policy both in sectoral and spatial aspects.