Вопросы применимого права в свете Регламента ЕС о наследовании (Рим IV)
Present edition is prepared following the results of the international scientific conference «Private International Law: Universal and Regional Aspects».
The collection covers a wide range of problems reflecting the latest trends in private international law. The problems of universal and regional unification are studied, current trends in the development of national legislation on private international law are highlighted. The edition is intended for postgraduates, professors, academic re-searchers dealing with problems of private international law, practicing lawyers and for all interested in this range of problems.
The article provides a comprehensive analysis of the legal regulation of franchising in private international law. The legal structure of franchising relations, its features and types, as well as methods of legal regulation of franchising in the United States of America, France and a number of other countries are studied. Traced the main stages of development of franchising, the state and tendencies of development of legal regulation abroad. The object of the study is the practice of concluding a franchise agreement, its form and essential conditions, as well as the legal status and obligations of the parties to the contract.
The article is devoted to the research of a new regulation in Private International Law and International Civil Procedure in Argentina which was introduced in the process of recodification of private law. In 2014 a new Civil and Commercial Code of Argentina was adopted in which the Title “Provisions on Private International Law” (articles 2594-2671) establishes choice-of-law (conflict) rules and jurisdictional rules. For the purpose of codification of Private International Law and International Civil Procedure the Argentinean legislator chose intra-branch complex form of codification which is traditional for that country. In the article much attention is paid to the analysis of procedural aspects of legislation adopted. The new regulation is internationally oriented and broadens of judicial discretion in order to take into account the concrete circumstances of a case, the majority of International Civil Procedure rules is directed for the protection of access to the efficient justice. Unfortunately, the Argentinean legislator refused to apply the autonomous complex form of codification of Private International Law and International Civil Procedure, so the new regulation became incomplete, particularly the rules of recognition and enforcement of foreign judgments were not included. Despite the range of shortcomings, the new Private International Law and International Civil Procedure of Argentina have serious advantages: a) closed list of foundations of exclusive jurisdiction of local courts is established; b) recognition of parties’ autonomy of will in choice of court is introduced; c) principle of controlled plurality of proceedings is formulated.
The article examines current trends in the process of national codifications of international private law (PIL) on the example of countries in Asia and Africa. The choice of the subject of the study is due to the fact that the PIL of these countries is least known to the Russian reader. Meanwhile, the process of codification of PIL is global, covering all regions of the world, including Asia and Africa. The legislation of these countries demonstrates the whole variety of forms and methods of codification of PIL, the whole range of contradictions and problems that arise when developing new laws and modernizing old ones. The article concluded that in the codification of MPEs in African and Asian countries, the intrabranch form dominates, with a considerable number of legislators preferring the intrabranch integrated method; there is a direct borrowing of the European models adopted many years ago, often without their adaptation to current trends in the development of the PIL; many laws on PIL in Islamic countries have a religious tint, which may hinder the normal development of cross-border private relations.