О методах анализа неглагольных средств выражения предшествования в субъектных, объектных и предикативных группах
The article discusses one argument in favor of descriptive theory of reference of proper names against the theory of direct reference which appeals to a famous example of the ship of Theseus. The author defends the latter theory by means of distinguishing the object of direct reference and its principles of individuation. The argument is discussed with reference to the works of H. Chandler, L. Linsky, S. Kripke, N. Salmon and other theorists.
Legal Translation In The Law Terminology Coreference Perspective
The article revisits a sustainable phenomenon inherent in languages for special purposes (domain-specific sublanguages) – multiple nomination of concepts exemplified by the legalese and correlating with cognitive representations of domain-specific knowledge. This phenomenon profiles an obvious problem area in special translation theory. Synonymy is treated in line with Yu.D. Aprecian’s concept whereby lexical units are regarded as semantically related if and when they appear referentially identical, i.e. co-referential. Co-reference gives rise to complexities in perceiving and comprehending legal texts in English–Russian translation. An interdisciplinary paradigm is applied for singling out an earmarked direction within the modern Translation Studies – Domain-Specific Translatology. A new name to once customary ‘special translation theory’ draws translation researchers to focus on profound studying of professional translation/interpreting across domain-specific fields, i.e. expert communication area, with the view of analyzing problems aggravated by the terminological co-reference available both in the source-language and target-language as well.
The article features translation problems associated with Russian fairy tale renderings into English and revealed during their comparative analysis. The tales seem to represent fairly complex verbal signs and cultural phenomena whose status borders on cultural symbolism and/or semiotic artifacts. Translator perception patterns driven by the fairy tale message search for its further code-switching appear to be strongly dependent on referencing. Text surface structure is referenced to the wonder-land world of fairy tales as a certain eventful scenario. A cross-language analysis of Russian-English subtexts taken in parallels allows for tracing some text-internal translation tactics.
The article focuses on some views on the notions of valency and actant, major reasons for change of valency of English verbs with incorporated actants and semantic and syntactic valency of verbs with incorporated actants.