Взаимоотношения корейцев в СССР с корейским национально-освободительным движением (1920-1930)
After clearing of the Far East of interventionists in 1922 – 1923 the main task of the young Soviet state was the establishment of diplomatic relations between Moscow and Tokyo. Representatives of the USSR and Japan had been signed on January, 20th, 1925 "the Convention on main principles of mutual relations between the USSR and Japan". The memorandum of general Tanaka Giiti (on July, 25th, 1927) about bases of a policy in Manchuria and Mongolia predetermined aggressive plans of Japan not only these territories, but also Russia. Koreans in territory of the Soviet Far East have appeared "hostages" of two countries USSR and Japan. Changes in foreign policy between these countries directly were reflected in destiny of the Soviet Koreans. Since 1927 in Korea from the Japanese government repressions and persecutions in relation to Koreans have amplified. In USSR Koreans began to accuse of "the Japanese espionage". Repressions have amplified in 1931 -1932 and in 1937 – 1938.
In the book for the first time the documents of the Archive of the Foreign Policy of the Russian Empire on Russian-Korean Relations (1820-1909), on the voluntary resettlement of Koreans in the Amur Region in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries are published. Also, the collection contains, previously published, documents and materials of the Russian State Historical Archives of the Far East (1864-1918). The reader is presented with a large amount of factual material that reveals the peculiarities of the migration policy of the Russian government in relation to the Koreans. The mechanism of building relations with migrants from Korea, their arrangement in Primorye, the role and place of Koreans in the development of the Russian Far East, in school education, as well as the participation of the Orthodox Church in the process of naturalization of Koreans in Russian culture is shown. Of interest are materials about the participation of Koreans in the national liberation movement of Korea in the Russian Far East. The book is addressed to researchers and administrative staff, teachers and students of humanitarian faculties as a reference tool, as well as for a wide range of readers interested in the East.
In the early 1930s the military threat in the Far East was continuously growing. The plans for preparing war against the USSR were the main elements of the Japanese military policy. Anti- soviet propaganda overflowed both Japan and Korea, and had an openly hysterical character. The military conflict at the Lake Hassan in July 24, 1938, unleashed by the Japanese side, became apogee of that hysteria. Information war in the Soviet Union, directed against Japan, had its results. In particular, the deportation of Koreans from the territory of Far East in 1937 can be considered "an unarmed action". This report based on declassified materials of the Russian State Military Archives presents the analysis of the situation at the Soviet-Manchurian border in 1935 - 1936 on the eve of events outlined.