Эфиальт против ареопага
This article is about historiography. The main point of it is to show the influence of Mitford’s political views on content of his work. The range of different typical stories from Athens history of V-th century BC were considered, for example struggle of two political forces of that time, which Mitford named “aristoctatical party ” and “democratical party ”. We could say that English historian extrapolates the political system of his day Britain at that time Athens. Therefore Mitford didn’t disguise his sympathies to aristocrat Kimon’s politicalforce, because he was torie. Foreign policy of Athens was also considered in this article, especially creation of Delian League and its ambitions, which were supported by Mitford, because Britain had already started new phase of their colonization.
The image of Πότνιος Ἳππιος occurs both in the 1st millennium BC petroglyphs of Eurasian steppes and in 8-century-BC vase paintings of Attica and Argos. Imagery created in different territories during that period features identical and repetitive iconographic schemes, similar up to a single detail (first of all, in shapes of headdresses, haircuts, etc.). Similar images of Πότνιος Ἳππιος in different cultures testifies to the importance of this type of imagery as a recorder of an important mythologem. It might also be linked to the particularities of culture genesis in Attica and Argos and can testify to the use of this imagery as ethnic-cultural and social markers.
This article analyses Solon’s instruction that citizens should ‘ground arms’ during a time of political conflict (stasis). It argues that this requirement was part of an unsuccessful attempt by Solon to prevent the establishment of Pisistratus’ tyranny in Athens in 561/0 BCE.