Оценка эффективности школы: противоречия в подходах
The paper analyzes, using a survey of 700 high school students, their attitudes towards classical and modern literature. School continues to shape views of Russian classical literature as a supervalue. Yet, reading practices diverge from the values. Most students do not read contemporary Russian authors viewing them as subpar to the classics. Foreign literature, on the contrary, is popular among teenagers because it is not subjected to comparisons with the classics.
The study analyzes the genesis of the modern attitude towards spelling and spelling mistakes in Germany and in Russia in the nineteenth century, showing that both the spelling norms and the relevance of their violation are social constructions to do with major developments of the time such as industrialization, political reaction, proliferation of literacy and mass schooling, and introduction of exams and grading as means to check the upward social mobility via education.