Феминистские идеи в "женском романе" викторианской эпохи (романы Энн Бронте)
Margaret Brent was the first woman lawyer in America, arriving in colonies in 1638. She was a master negotiator, an accomplished litigator, and a respect leader. Brent was involved in 124 court cases over 8 years and won every one. A powerful landowner, she was named as executor for Governor Calvert in 1647, when she restored calm and raised funds for mutinous soldiers by selling lands belonging to lord Baltimore, the Proprietor. In 1648 she demanded a "vote and voice" in the Maryland Assembly.
The artistic world of Anne Bronte appeared to be a result of creative rethinking of ideas and styles of her predecessors and contemporaries. The writer’s manner has developed under the influences of different traditions and authors. The main ones are the following: it was important for Anne Bronte to refer to the works of English sentimentalists of the XVIII century, to their methods of expressing feelings and emotions and of exploring the human nature; the romantic poet W. Wordsworth turned out to be close to her in the attitude to nature and ways of depicting nature; female novel made a significant impact, as well as the religious allegorical tradition of the XVIII century with G. Bunyan and the Bible. It is interesting to note, that the list of influences and traditions for Anne Bronte’s sisters differs considerably from that of hers.
On the example of urban sociology and siciology of youth, the article discusses the use of gender mainstreaming in German today. The author has determined goals and objectives, sa well as the stages of formation of the concept of gender mainstreaming.