Идея творчества как религиозная задача человека в философии Н.А. Бердяева
The point of the article is the idea that an activity, an image and a word are the means to spiritualize a body and to externalize spirit. Each o them is a heterogeneous entity: a kind of metaform where both internal and external forms appear. E.g. an activity being considered as an external form includes an image and a word. The same structure is peculiar to a word and an image. Because of such a structure an activity, an image and a word are as much corporeal as they are spiritual. A play of their external and internal forms is extended to interrelationship of the body, the soul and the spirit. It is argued that such a model of reasoning may be of use for psychotherapeutic practices.
The article is based on the introductory part of the collection on “Material Culture and Technology in Everyday Life: Ethnographic Approaches” (2009). The author presents a brief review of concepts that have been lately employed in research on material or technological culture. He attempts to show that different disciplines do in fact use adjacent notions and concepts in thinking about materiality, and tries to delineate ways of bringing the different research traditions to a unified platform that could serve as a theoretical foundation for the complex materialistic study of technological culture.
The article is about H. Plessner's view on language within the framework of his anthropological approach. In Plessner's anthropology language is the “true existential evidence” for eccentricity of the human position. According to Plessner language is a core feature of a human being and there is a strong coincidence between language and all the basic human characteristics such as: eccentricity, immanence, expressivity and the ability for the contact with reality (a cognitive function). So, Plessner proclaims that the initial function of language is an expressive but not a communicative one. At that the cognitive function is considered as an expression of eccentric positionality or as an objectivation of the expression. Plessner doesn't restrict himself solely to an instrumental interpretation of language, but also argues for language as communicative environment. The last idea refers to an approach to language as an intersubjective mode of human being. Language considered as a “structure of the human way of existence” is based on specifically human features such as abilities for imitation and objectivation, both supposed to express the eccentric positionality.