Диверсификация и специализация производства в российской промышленности периода экономического подъема
The article is devoted to the trends and determinants of the transformation of Russian regions' industrial specialization during the period of economic growth. Using the methodology of statistic and econometric analysis it is tested whether the tendency of diversification dominates the tendency of regions’ industrial specialization in 1997-2004 and whether there is a convergence of Russian regions' industrial structures. The considered factors of industries' development in a particular location include the initial industrial structure, inter- and intraregional technologic links between industries, quality of investment climate, R&D potential, international competition.
Hi-tech innovative alliances tend to have more key sustainable competitive advantages in comparison with those out of alliance, especially because alliances allow the companies to switch through the partners the financial burdens and intellectual investments in innovations. BRIC make an important input into Gross World Production and its hi-tech industries grow faster than others over developing countries. However companies of these industries still lack internal resources of innovative and technological facilities, e.g. Russian companies, because of that alliances (usually, international anв transnational) acquire more and more popularity. Alliances give the access towards resources and competences of the direct and indirect partners. The paper describes the empirical evidence of alliances efficiency factors and its influence on the high-tech companies of India and China. This evidence can be replicable to some extent and useful to the development of Russian companies. According to the testing results it is possible to assume, that efficiency of alliances has the significant impact on the corporate value in the mid-term. The crisis has significant impact on the observable dependencies.
About the Russian Federation Court System: its current state and future development prospects.The author analyses the current state of the Russian Court System and its future development prospects in the article. A whole number of measures concerning the Court System development is proposed. These measures include: clear definition of «the Court System» notion; organization of the separate second instance Courts for magistrates in the regional centres; the domestic constitutional justice arrangement; inter-regional and district Courts creation. The legality of restrictive provisions of distribution agreements under Russian civil legislation is frequently disputed by lawyers. However treatment of these provisions as an example of negative obligations may be used as an argument for their validity. Moreover the answer to the question, whether such provisions should be found as restricting legal capacity of the parties to the agreement or not, depends on the level of certainty of these provisions in the agreement.
development of the Court system; federalism; magistrates; Constitutional Сourt; specialization; inter-regional court; district court
distribution (distributorship) agreement, restrictive provisions, negative (passive) obligations, restriction of legal capacity