Модификация высокоуровневой модели NoCModel 2.0 для моделирования сетей на кристалле с циркулянтными топологиями
This is the first book on the U.S. presidential election system to analyze the basic principles underlying the design of the existing system and those at the heart of competing proposals for improving the system. The book discusses how the use of some election rules embedded in the U.S. Constitution and in the Presidential Succession Act may cause skewed or weird election outcomes and election stalemates. The book argues that the act may not cover some rare though possible situations which the Twentieth Amendment authorizes Congress to address. Also, the book questions the constitutionality of the National Popular Vote Plan to introduce a direct popular presidential election de facto, without amending the Constitution, and addresses the plan’s “Achilles’ Heel.” In particular, the book shows that the plan may violate the Equal Protection Clause from the Fourteenth Amendment of the Constitution. Numerical examples are provided to show that the counterintuitive claims of the NPV originators and proponents that the plan will encourage presidential candidates to “chase” every vote in every state do not have any grounds. Finally, the book proposes a plan for improving the election system by combining at the national level the “one state, one vote” principle – embedded in the Constitution – and the “one person, one vote” principle. Under this plan no state loses its current Electoral College benefits while all the states gain more attention of presidential candidates.
This is the first book that presents basic ideas of optimization methods that are applicable to strategic planning and operations management, particularly in the field of transportation. The material of the book covers almost all parts of optimization and is a unique reference work in the field of operations research. The author has written an invaluable manual for students who study optimization methods and their applications in strategic planning and operations management. He describes the ideas behind the methods (with which the study of the methods usually starts) and substantially facilitates further study of the methods using original scientific articles rather than just textbooks. The book is also designed to be a manual for those specialists who work in the field of management and who recognize optimization as the powerful tool for numerical analysis of the potential and of the competitiveness of enterprises. A special chapter contains the basic mathematical notation and concepts useful for understanding the book and covers all the necessary mathematical information.
Various approaches to networks on chip organizing are considered. Тhe main drawback of networks on chip packet switching is identified – an excessively large buffers amounts of input and output buffers of routers. The new router architecture with improved resource consumption and high speed action is offered. Figs: 5. Ref.: 12 titles.
On the basis of an integrated network-on-chip (NoC) topologies optimality criterion, as well as applying the adjacency matrix to describe NoC topologies, exhaustive search method and its modification by using branch and bound and Monte Carlo methods are extended to the synthesis of NoC quasi-optimal topologies. Designed ScaNoC suboptimal topology synthesis algorithm is implemented on a high-level programming language which makes it possible to generate quasi-optimal topological solutions in accordance with the requirements to reduce hardware costs and the average distance between nodes. Proposed quasi-optimal topologies synthesis algorithm improvement by using the method of parallel computing allows speeding up the process of synthesis to 2117 times and getting topologies with the number of nodes up to 18.
The different approaches to the optimization of network communications subsystem on a chip are considered. The mesh and pseudo-optimal topologies with 8 and 9 nodes using System Verilog library Netmaker are modelled. It is shown, that mesh topologies of rectangular form are less efficient, than square ones; pseudo-optimal topologies have a higher threshold of saturation compared to the mesh and they have no restrictions on the number of nodes. Figs: 3. Ref.: 8 titles.