Филантропия и пандемия: зарубежные благотворительные практики
Charity work is one of the main resources for activities of non-profit organizations. Now there are not enough young people among volunteers. The number of features and the potential of young people make them attractive for involving into charity work. The article concerns young volunteers’ behavior. The authors study young people’s motivation, its influence on students’ engagement in volunteering. Indicators of engagement are hours donated to the charity, regularity and type of volunteer activity.
The coronavirus epidemic caused not only an explosion of attention in Russian public communication, but the media discourse content also transformed radically during the first months of the 2020 epidemic: from distrust and panic to responsible balanced content. An analysis of this phenomenon allows for a deeper understanding of the evolution of the value-normative characteristics of modern society broadcast in the media. There is a trend of a transition from ill-conceived propaganda of rights to a balance of rights and responsibilities as well as an increase of attention in public discourse to free speech. In addition, there is a trend towards a transition from the dominance of post-truth to manifestations of personal freedom as responsibility. The dynamics of the coronavirus discourse not only fit into this general civilizational trend, but they provided additional impulses for the trend’s further development. Such a shift in emphasis makes it useful to appeal to the concept of parrhesia - a free and responsible "taking the floor" (“word-taking”).
The article discusses the phenomena of charitable giving and philanthropy, demonstrates differences between formal and informal volunteering, pro bono activities. The author indicates cultural differences and economic significance of volunteering, then describes what the predictors and effects of giving and volunteering are. Debates around costs, effectiveness, and social impact of giving and volunteering are also highlighted in the article.
This issue represents options for solving the problems that emerged in schools in connection with the switch to distant learning. The response of schools to the crisis is being analyzed in terms of teachers, who try to compensate their lack of professional skills, changes in curriculum, in work hours and duties of collaborators, overcoming the lack of funds and resources for distance learning, overcoming the deficit of constructive behavior with parents. In issue there is a special section with management recommendations for administrators of institutions and public education authorities.
This is the first book ever published that (1) reviews the very large recent literature (948 item bibliography; over 2,000 relevant sources consulted) on locally based, all-volunteer or mainly volunteer-led, significantly autonomous, formal nonprofit groups that use the associational form of organization---termed "grassroots associations," and (2) develops a comprehensive, empirically-based theory of local nonprofit organizations/ groups encompassing in separate conceptual sub-sections, both (a) such usually small, low budget, local scope, volunteer-based (grassroots) associations and (b) their contrasting, locally-based but sometimes larger in operational scope, mainly paid-staff based or all paid-staff led, usually higher budget, formal nonprofit organizations---such as nonprofit K-12 schools/colleges/universities, hospitals/hospices, etc. The volunteer sub-sector includes mainly volunteer/voluntary associations and groups and their associational (including officer and board) volunteers with any territorial level of operational scope, from single buildings (e.g., condominium or tenants' associations) to worldwide scope (e.g., Habitat for Humanity International). The paid-staff sub-sector includes mainly nonprofit organizations where paid-staff do the majority of hours of work for the organization per year. However, even in the paid-staff sub-sector, organizations nonetheless usually include volunteer board members and, in larger organizations, often program service volunteers in a volunteer "department," often called a "volunteer program".