Факторы и условия роста инновационной активности малых предприятий в России
Comparison of the characteristics of innovative activity of domestic small enterprises with similar indicators of foreign countries indicates that at present in Russia the potential of small business in the innovation sphere is not sufficiently realized. This is indicated by the results of the comparison with EU countries that have a high level of small business development. It is shown that in many respects the current situation is caused by the existing barriers for the development of innovative activity of small enterprises in Russia: a lack of financial resources, a wear and tear of the resource-and-technical base, weak cooperative connections, etc. At the same time, the state of innovative activity of small business in Russia is characterized by a high degree of regional heterogeneity. The study detected the conditions and factors that have a significant impact on the growth of innovative activity of small businesses in the regions of Russia. In addition, clusters of subjects of the Russian Federation, differing in characteristics of innovation activity of small industrial enterprises, were identified, and possible directions of support were revealed.