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Regular version of the site

Book chapter

Metaphor in grammar: Mapping across syntactic domains

P. 111-130.

The paper focuses on syntactic metaphor, which is manifested in the
metaphorical mapping across syntactic domains, or in the metaphor-driven polysemy
of constructions. Syntactic metaphor underpins the diversity of morphosyntactic
expression of the Stimulus argument in Russian psych verbs. While the
Experiencer role in Russian emotion verbs is normally coded as nominative or
dative, there is no uniform expression of Stimulus. Different emotion types require
specialized Stimulus expression: dative for ‘to rejoice’, instrumental for ‘to be
proud’, genitive for ‘to fear’ and ‘to be ashamed of’, prepositional constructions
for different types of ‘JOY’, ‘SADNESS’ and ‘ANGER’. The paper employs corpus
methods to demonstrate that all of the constructions used to encode Stimulus
in Russian psych verbs are predominantly used to express other semantic roles.
We suggest that, in each case, the role of Stimulus is the result of a metaphoric
mapping from the domain of another semantic role, the latter determined by the
type of emotion and the event structure of the corresponding psych verb. Thus,
Stimulus in radovat’sja ‘to rejoice’ is syntactically metaphorized as Addressee
(dative), because it implies overt manifestation of positive feeling directed at the
stimulus. Anger involves a violent reaction. Hence the Stimulus in serdit’sja ‘to
get angry’ is syntactically expressed as Patient of aggressive physical actions with
‘at’ construction. Other metaphoric mappings between semantic roles include
pride is attracting attention, sadness is thinking and others. The paper
also shows that conventionalized syntactic metaphor can give rise to a novel metaphor
which occurs spontaneously in discourse, such as silence is aggression.






















In book

Metaphor in grammar: Mapping across syntactic domains
Apresyan V. Vol. 39: Current Approaches to Metaphor Analysis in Discourse. Berlin; Boston: De Gruyter Mouton, 2019.