Положительные и отрицательные моменты учения К. Маркса и Ф. Энгельса и их значение для развития теории и истории государства и права
The paper examines the arguments held by Marx’s contribution to the study of technical change, distribution, and heterogeneous labour. In contraposition to some mainstream views on these issues, we show through textual exegesis that the upshot of Marx’s analysis is that technological progress would not only mean an eventual rise in unemployment; it is also a means to reduce the likelihood of distributional conflict between profits and wages.
The theoretical contribution to the economics and statistics of the following prominent scientists and public figures is resurrected and described. Firstly, Marx’s associate, but largely independent figure - F. Engels, secondly, Nobel Prize winner of 1972 Kenneth J. Arrow, in ensemble with the subject article "Efficiency", thirdly, striking statistician, who concurred with E. Slutsky, - G.U. Yule, fourthly, the founder of the quantity theory of money David Hume, then, one of the authors of the monetary reform of 1922-1924 held in Soviet Russia - Leonid N. Yurovsky, then, one of the first major American economists Allyn Abbott Young, then two prominent pre-revolutionary Russians - academician Ivan I. Yanzhul, and the teacher of Ladislaus von Bortkiewicz - Corr. of Petersburg Academy of Sciences Yulii Janson.
2nd edition of the first volume of "Capital" by K. Marx, dedicated to the 150th anniversary of the publication.
The roundtable took place on May 18, 2018 within the International forum MARX-XXI in commemoration of Karl Marx 200th birth anniversary. The event gathered leading Russian economists representing Lomonosov Moscow State University, Higher School of Economics, Financial University, Russian Academy of National Economy and Public Administration. The participants of the round-table assessed the role of Karl Marx’s heritage studies in the intellectual development of contemporary Russian economists, shared their personal experience in Karl Marx’s “Capital” studies during the special seminar at the economic faculty of Moscow State University, determined the most challenging problems of today, which were raised by Marx, and presented their recommendations on Karl Marx’s works studies in Russian universities.
The transition to the conditions of a market economy led to the emergence of private property and increased competition, which was the main activity for enterprises - the receipt of surplus product. The article tells about the basic concepts and approaches to the study of the surplus product. This article also discusses the main mechanisms for making profit and its impact on the activities of the hired working class. In conclusion, attention is focused on the problem markets of technologies for the development of the economy in Russia.