Межэтническая напряженность в поликультурном вузе и роль психологической службы в ее снижении и профилактике
The results of studies of ethnic tension at University are summarized. Tension is associated with many personal and interpersonal factors: values, tolerance, identity, personality traits, coping strategies, intelligence, friendly and romantic relationships, joint extracurricular activities. Psychological help to students in resolving their intrapersonal and interpersonal problems may become a factor in reducing tensions at University.
The article presents a theoretical and methodological framework for the development of students' systemic adaptation to the contemporary world. This framework is grounded in the results of 15 years of empirical research at the intersection of the fields of study in multilingualism, multiculturalism, and creativity. These results demonstrated that multilingual practice and multicultural experience are related to creative abilities. Hence, it appears to be plausible to integrate these developmental factors into pedagogical discourse.
The objective of this study is to formulate theoretical and methodological premises for the educational system “Plurilingual Intercultural Creative Keys” (PICK). This system aims at actualization of creative potential and development of linguistic and intercultural competences, which together facilitate students' systemic adaptation.
The article places a special emphasis on the development of multilingual competences, specifically on code-switching.
Numerous foreign studies have shown that intercultural interactions can stimulate creativity when a person is adapted enough to such an experience. Intercultural competence can be seen as an indicator of such adaptation. However, recent studies have shown ambiguous relationship between components of intercultural competence and creativity. This study is a qualitative analysis of the perception of intercultural differences and intercultural competence among creative and non-creative Russian students. The study was conducted in order to clarify the previously identified patterns of the relationship between components of intercultural competence and creativity. The results of a content analysis of 30 interviews showed that creative and non-creative Russian students have different perceptions of the cultural differences existing between foreigners and Russians, and, accordingly, different views on the content of intercultural competence which they need
This article presents major elements of the educational system «Plurilingual Intercultural Creative Keys» (PICK). The system aims at developing plurilingual, intercultural, and creative competencies, which appear to be crucial for the process of formation of systemic adaptation.