Социальные конфигурации городских локальных сообществ
On almost all geographical levels, symbolic management is increasingly introduced into processes of place management. Regional and local public authorities represent their developmental socioeconomic initiatives in an attractive way in order to obtain resources e.g. tourists, residents and capital. Along with this externally oriented symbolic management, оn the basis of empirical material which comprises Russian cases, this paper explores the capacity of internally oriented symbolic strategies to support place modernization and endogenous development, by involving multiple communities and reinforcing their sense of place.
According to interdisciplinary theory of architecture and sociology by A. Amin and N. Thrift, presented in their book Cities. Reimagining the Urban, the light sociality is the main way of individuals interaction in city space. In this context, consumption appears to be one of the basic forms of individuals self-expression on one hand, and on the other hand - one of the basic forms of urban communication. We deal with consumption in its general meaning - as a complex of all individuals consumption-related practices that are transparent in space of light sociality. Consumption practices become agents of light sociality, producing ambivalent encounters that emotionally affect individuals realizing those practices, and those who observe them. In this way consumption takes part in governmentality of the city spaces.
The article is dedicated to the review of ways of looking at social space in the sociological theory. Basing on works of those authors, who paid special attention for this question, in the text there is considered the variety of theoretical interpretations and instrumental using the category of social space. The accent is made on application of space in the context of urban sociology. All the material is systematized according to division into three aspects of looking at social space: 1. the space of social actors's interactions; 2. the structure of status positions; 3. the connection of geographic space and social meanings that are attached to it.