Поддержка этнического и конфессионального многообразия в Индонезии
The article focuses on the ethnic and confessional diversity of Indonesia, as well as mechanisms of supporting it in the framework of the country’s rapid economic development and active involvement into globalization processes.
Although Russia and Indonesia have ample reasons to make their cooperation comprehensive, nuanced and multi-dimensional, practice routinely falls short of expectations. Notable impediments include a large distance magnified by inefficient infrastructure, as well as lack of institutional and technological interdependence and weak people-to-people contacts, and most importantly, insufficient stimuli to expand ties beyond their present scope. Revealingly, practice demonstrated that market forces alone cannot make the Russia-Indonesia cooperation really deep, close, multi-dimensional and, by implication, strategically-oriented. Accounting for Moscow’s and Jakarta’s plans to elevate their relations to the level of Strategic Partnership, a new instrument to make them relations exactly what their forthcoming status suggests is needed.
Russian in turbulent times is a collection of more than 160 papers of Russian sociologists from different regions of the Russian Federation. The papers present achievements of the 68 Regional Affiliations and 33 Research Committees of the Russian Society of Sociologists which are dealing with problems of social life under conditions of the processes of the transformation and modernization of Russian society. In the seven Chapters of the book the urgent issues of economy, ecology, education and entertainment are in a focus of theoretical discussions in the social sciences. The results of applied and empirical surveys made in the megalopolis like Moscow and urban and rural regions of the Northern and Southern parts of Russia are presented for further discussions. The book will be of interests for scholars and scientists, postgraduate students, as well as for journalists, students, managers and experts in international trade and commerce.
Many studies converge in suggesting (a) that ethnic and racial minorities fare worse than host populations in reported well-being and objective measures of health and (b) that ethnic/racial diversity has a negative impact on various measures of social trust and well-being, including in the host or majority population. However, there is much uncertainty about the processes that connect diversity variables with personal outcomes. In this paper, we are particularly interested in different levels of coalitional affiliation, which refers to people’s social allegiances that guide their expectations of social support, in-group strength and cohesion. We operationalize coalitional affiliation as the extent to which people rely on a homogeneous social network, and we measure it with indicators of friendships across ethnic boundaries and frequency of contact with friends. Using multi-level models and data from the European Social Survey (Round 1, 2002–2003) for 19 countries, we demonstrate that coalitional affiliation provides an empirically reliable, as well as theoretically coherent, explanation for various effects of ethnic/racial diversity.
Changes in modern Russian due to the expansion of the new technologies; Russian of the Internet (Runet). Social and cultural consequences of the CMC-revolution.
Religion, ethnicity, and politics are typical explanatory variables of violent conflicts. From an economic point of view, economic growth reduces the risk of civil war, yet the economic determinants of conflict have been little studied. In this article, we empirically study the impact of regional macroeconomic conditions on the number of violent conflicts in Indonesia, a country with potential risks of communal conflict because of the plurality of its society. We use panel data consisting of observations on 16 Indonesian regions from 2004 to 2013 to assess the impact of economic factors on conflict, reevaluating the religion effect using dynamic models (SYS GMM estimator). Our findings suggest that only the inflation rate predicts the conflict growth rate. Economic growth, economic development, poverty, and even religion, do not significantly affect the number of regional conflicts.