Место рождения корейца как потенциальный детерминант его будущего: стереотипы и регионализм
The article focuses on the historical and geographical literary work of 18th century named the “Description of the Selected Villages” (Taengniji, 擇里志) with reference to the cultural opposition of “friend or foe” which since the 17th century has acquired a special value for Korean intellectuals. With the coming to power in 1644 of the Manchu Qing dynasty and the fall of the Chinese Ming dynasty – the former formal overlord of Korea – Koreans-intellectuals wanted to revise the existing picture of the world, since the “uncivilized” Qing could not be the “Middle State”. Yi Chunghwan, the author of the “Description of the Selected Villages” addressed Korean geography to resolve that cultural conflict, proving the succession of Korea after China, and this article considers the ideas he outlined. According to Yi Chung-hwan, the very geographical location of Korea determines the high level of moral values of the Korean people; its merits – and the main is “loyalty” to the Ming dynasty; and predetermines the development of Korean history and international relations. In “inheriting” the traditional Chinese values, norms and “civilization” Mt. Paektu standing on the border between China and Korea acts as a link, and for that reason Yi Chung-hwan endowed it with special “qualities”. At the same time, the mountain was also included in the territories considered to be sacred for the Qing dynasty. Thus, the conflict between the interests of both states was inevitable.
Minjung-gayo is a name for Korean protest songs that originated after the Gwanju Massacre (18-27 May, 1980) and the Jeon Du Hwan's presidency (1980-1988). The development of minjung-gayo was influenced by Korean poetry of the colonial period as well as the censure in the 1970s and the foreign protest songs widely spread in the 1980-90s among Korean students. The paper analyses the protest songs of Yun Min Seok that have considerably contributed to the anti-governmental demonstrations during Park Geun Hye presidency (2013-2016). The author explores the main types, topics and lyrics of the most influential songs of Yun Min Seok.