Преодоление границы между «большим миром» и Волшебной страной в сказках А.М. Волкова
The story "The Adventures of Captain Vrungel" with academic commentary
The aim of this article is to analyze the discursive background for the characters of teachers in the Soviet school story of the afterwar period. The 1,8 million words corpus for the study was compiled of the novels about school and schooling by 37 authors, written in 1940-s — 1980-s. The contents of the episodes where the keywords (headmaster, deputy headmaster, teacher, female teacher) were mentioned was analyzed automatically with the help of probabilistic topic modeling (LDA). Topics significantly more or less common in these episodes than in the whole corpus were used to characterize discursive context for the keywords. Judging by the thematic profile the term ‘female teacher’ is opposed to all the rest, Meaningful contrasts distinguishing the thematic ptofiles of the terms are: disourse of the upbringing and everyday schooling, komsomol and pioneers, emotions and gender.
Children’s Literature and the Avant-Garde is the first study that investigates the intricate influence of the avant-garde movements on children’s literature in different countries from the beginning of the 20th century until the present. Examining a wide range of children’s books from Denmark, France, Germany, Hungary, the Netherlands, Russia, Sweden, the United Kingdom, and the USA, the individual chapters explore the historical as well as the cultural and political aspects that determine the exceptional character of avant-garde children’s books. Drawing on studies in children’s literature research, art history, and cultural studies, this volume provides comprehensive insights into the close relationships between avant-garde children’s literature, images of childhood, and contemporary ideas of education. Addressing topics such as the impact of exhibitions, the significance of the Bauhaus, and the influence of poster art and graphic design, the book illustrates the broad range of issues associated with avant-garde children’s books. More than 60 full-color illustrations demonstrate the impressive variety of design in avant-garde picturebooks and children’s books.
The article contains a review of the evolution of style and genres of mass literature as products of mass consumption. We identify two concurrent trends in the development of contemporary mass literature. First, there is a growing integration of the various genres of popular literature. Second, there is differentiation, accentuating a unique and original personality of the author. A stylistic platform for both tendencies is the genre of fantasy. This genre is close to a social mythology, and is able to deliver a non-trivial content of branding (narratives, themes and plots, legends, striking names).Thus, fantasy provides opportunities to effectively integrate the popular literature with artifacts and technologies of other cultural industries in particular, and economy of consumer society in general.
The article tackles the issue of communicative strategies in 'fantasy' novels.