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Regular version of the site

Book chapter

Chapter 12. The perfect in Avar and Andi: Cross-linguistic variation among two closely-related East Caucasian languages

P. 261-280.

This chapter deals with perfect forms of the verb in Avar and Andi, two East Caucasian languages. The presence of an ergative agent is shown to be an important parameter in distinguishing resultative constructions from resultative perfects in these languages. This distinction is relevant to determine whether current relevance meanings of the perfect are at all represented in these languages, alongside resultative proper and evidential usages. Based on elicitation as well as corpus data, this study shows that the Avar perfect represents a highly polysemic verb form that combines resultative proper, current relevance and indirect evidentiality, while its Andi counterpart shows a more advanced stage of grammaticalization of the indirect evidential meaning.

In book

Edited by: D. Ayoun, A. Celle, L. Lansari. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2018.