Факторы устойчивого социально-демографического развития регионов России
The article analyzes the features of modern demographic development of Russian regions. It is shown that in the conditions of the narrowed reproduction regime, which is typical for the majority of the Russian regions, migration outflow becomes an additional barrier for the implementation of regional programs of social and economic development. The deformation of the age and sex structure of the population, which occurred over the last quarter of a century, has led to qualitative and quantitative changes in the labor potential of the Russian regions. This, in turn, is reflected in the already marked shortage of specialists in a number of sectors of the national economy. In this situation, international migration remains essentially the only source of population replacement. The paper highlights the positive and negative consequences of international migration for Russian regions.