Types and functions of pseudo-dialogues
The types and functions of pseudo-dialogues in everyday conversations are described.
In the article the patterns of the realization of emotional utterances in dialogic and monologic speech are described. The author pays special attention to the characteristic features of the speech of a speaker feeling psychic tension and to the compositional-pragmatic peculiarities of dialogic and monologic text.
From Pragmatics to Dialogue
The research presented in this paper has been conducted in the framework of the large sociolinguistic project aimed at describing everyday spoken Russian and analyzing the special characteristics of its usage by different social groups of speakers. The research is based on the material of the ORD corpus containing long-term audio recordings of everyday communication. The aim of the given exploratory study is to reveal the linguistic parameters, in terms of which the difference in speech between different social groups is the most evident. An exploratory subcorpus, consisting of audio fragments of spoken communication of 12 respondents (6 men and 6 women, 4 representatives for each age group, and representatives of different professional and status groups) with the total duration of 106 min and of similar communication settings, was created and fully annotated. The quantitative description of a number of linguistic parameters on phonetic, lexical, morphological, and syntax levels in each social group was made. The biggest difference between social groups was observed in speech rate, phonetic reduction, lexical preferences, and syntactic irregularities. The study has shown that the differences between age groups are more significant than between gender groups, and the speech of young people differs most strongly from the others.
The boor develops a new approach to the study of social reality in its denamics based on the revealing of connections between social and anthropological phenomena. The fundament of the approach is synergic anthropology, in the frame work of which the apparatus for the description and analysis or the "colonization" of the interface of the Social and the Anthropological is constructed. A new class of concepts is introduced, the categories of the interface, the examples of which are anthropological situation, anthropological trend, spiritual tradition etc. Anthropological trends serve as the main tool are developed, the diagnostics (the identification of anthropological formation(s), which generate trend in question) and the control (the stimulation of a trend, the blocking of it etc.). The framework is then applied to analysis of the most topical modern problems such as global risks, ecological crisis, the grwth of the virtualization of reality, the problem of the Post-human etc. Special attention is paid to the "Exit trend", which is how we call the overall anthropological trend collecting all manifestations and tendencies of the specific tiredness of the Human and his/her drive to a self-withdrawal. Using our methods of the control of trends, it is possible to formulate strategies for changing and correcting anthroposocial situation. We find that two phenomena play important role in these strategies, the transition of modernity into the postsecular paradigm, and the return of the Onthological Human, the fnthropological formation constituted in religious expirience and forced out by the po\rocesses of secularization. In the conceptual context of modern social philosophy the approach uniting social and anthropological reality in a new light, and provides new principles for determining our attitudes and strategies towards leading trends of modernity.