Между политическим и аполитичным: формы участия локальных сообществ в защите городских территорий
The article is focused on the problem of the legislative regulation of the consideration of child's opinion with regard to the issues of his/her family upbringing as well related to the civil participation. Key norms of Russian legislation along with practice of its implementation are analyzed. The analysis of the major obstacles to the realization of the child’s participation in public life in Russia is given, an amendment to the legislation is proposed.
The monograph is devoted to the phenomenon of politicization of constitutional institutes, which has emerged in recent years in the United States and the EU. The authors also analyze the peculiarities of electoral law and the electoral system in the United States, show the specifics of the election campaigns of individual parties and their leaders. The problem of revolutions as a form of national government, opposed in electoral procedures in the modern world is considered. Particular attention is paid to the process of politicization of the judiciary.
It is on the basis of modern approaches provided by the new institutional theory that in the present article the institution of civil participation is reappraised as an integral phenomenon securing inclusion of citizens into the political government process. Characterization and analysis of the evolution and of the current state of the institution of civil participation are offered. As is demonstrated by the investigation developed, there are few real public entities, and civil entities are in minority. Nevertheless civil entities, because they possess qualities of a competent political actor, of a self-dependent subject of politics, with welldeveloped social practical skills, are able to form - and in reality do form - a new, not an imitative, but a real institution of civil participation oriented at citizens needs for influencing the process of political decision-making.