The book contains the proceedings of the 22nd Semantics and Linguistic Theory Conference, held at University of Chicago in Chicago, Illinois, May 18 - May 20, 2012, edited by Anca Chereches.
This volume contains the proceedings of the annual Sinn und Bedeutung conference, held at Untrecht University, the Netherlands, 2011.
Workshop on Program Semantics, Specification and Verification: Theory and Applications is the leading event in Russia in the field of applying of the formal methods to software analysis. Proceedings of the fourth workshop are dedicated to formalisms for program semantics, formal models and verication, programming and specification languages, etc.
Uncontroversially, the meaning of first and second person pronouns and “imposters”, i.e. expressions like yours truly, (Collins and Postal 2012), should be indexical (Kaplan 1977/1989, Stalnaker 1970), but how exactly this indexicality is achieved has been a matter of some debate. While not settling the debate, this paper aims to show that there is no single way to become a person indexical. Natural language allows for at least three different represen- tations leading to person indexicality. Evidence for this comes from sentences involving imposters and pronouns coreferent with or bound by them. Partic- ularly telling are cases of variation between third and non-third pronouns in sentences with imposters, first discussed by Collins and Postal. Constraints on this variation support the view that it is not adequate from either an empirical or an explanatory perspective to treat all person indexicals uniformly.
This paper discusses new facts on comparative constructions in Circassian languages that contribute to a theoretical debate about the semantics of comparatives. We argue that Circassian comparatives provide the direct evidence for the combination of two recent insights into comparative semantics: the theory of two loci of degree quantication in such constructions and theories postulating exhaustivity or maximisation at the edge of the standard clause.