XXI век: старые и новые вызовы
The chapter presents new tendencies in Africa South of the Sahara in the first 15 years of the 21st century. Among these tendencies are the fall of many authocaratic regimes, attempts at economic reform and a new willingness to rid African societies of corruption. The chapter also speaks of the problems which hapmper the develoment of African countries today.
Despite the impressive economic growth in Russia between 1999 and 2007, there is a fear that Russia may suffer the Dutch disease, which predicts that a country with large natural resource rents may experience a de-industrialisation and a lower long term economic growth. In this paper we study if there are any symptoms of the Dutch disease in Russia. Using a variety of Rosstat publications and the CHELEM database, we analyse the trends in production, wages and employment in the Russian manufacturing industries, and we study the behaviour of Russian imports and exports. We find that, while Russia exhibits some symptoms of the Dutch disease, e.g. the real appreciation of the rouble, the rise in real wages, the decrease in employment in manufacturing industries and the development of the services sector, the manufacturing production nonetheless increased, contradicting the theory of the Dutch disease. These trends can be explained by the gains in productivity and the recovery after the disorganisation in the 1990s, by new market opportunities for Russian products in the European Union and in CIS countries, by a growing Chinese demand for some products and by a booming internal market. Finally, investments in many manufacturing industries were largely encouraged, whereas those in the energy sector were strongly regulated, which contributed to the economic diversification.
People are the focus of the third edition of the OECD Yearbook, which looks at some of the key challenges that have resulted from over five years of global economic turmoil. OECD experts are joined by leaders from government, business, labour, academia and civil society to examine pressing questions.
This paper puts forth a comprehensive set of measures to address the current economic crisis, prevent its further aggravation and ensure sustained and ongoing development of the Russian economy. In this study we seek to adopt the viewpoint of common sense and keep free from political and ideological bias. This is why we believe the proposed solutions should be implemented by any reasonable government irrespective of its political coloration. This text presents our vision of the Russian economy and its problems.
The annual report prepared by a large group of Russian and French researchers. The report focuses on the trends of development of Russia in the sphere of economy, domestic and foreign policy, social and regional policy.
The system of the public procurement is very strategically important for the whole Russian economy. Its share in the GDP is growing rapidly. It defines the necessity of the reforming of this system in order to increase its efficiency. The result of this restructuring and the organization of this public procurement system will affect the efficiency of the state investment projects. While undertaking the structural reforms of this system it’s necessary to take into account the following aspects: legal, political, economical and also economic-psychological which include such factors as organizational and psychological. The results of the authors’ survey show the importance and significance of taking into account the organizational and psychological factors for making the public procurement procedure more efficient. public procurement system, structural reforms, psychological factors, efficiency of the public procurement procedure, organizational and psychological factors