Черная Африка: прошлое и настоящее
This textbook is the product of a collective effort of historians from several research institutes and universities. In a concise and accssible form the authors cover the main problems and topics of the history of Sub-Saharan Africa from 15th century to the present. Among these are the development of African civilisations, the creation and the collapse of colonial systems,the making of colonial society, the development of anti-colonialism and the development of African nationalism, and the events, problems and challenges of the late 20th - early 21st centuries. The texbook contains essays on the history of 20 countries of the region.Uniquely, it also offers a history of relations between Russia and Black Africa.The sizable supplement contains documents pertaining to the history of the region. Indexes, chronology, glossary and bibliography conclude the text. The texbook is the first Russian manual on the modern and contemporary history of sub-Saharan Africa.
The chapter offers an outline of the history of the formation of ethno-linguistic map of Africa. It also analyses the contemporary demographic situation on the continent.
The chapter relates the history of economic development of the African continent and analuses its economic problems today.
The chapter presents the history of the armed struggle against colonialism in the 1960—1990s. It analyses its specific new features as compared to the uprisings of the 1940s-1960s.
The chapter covers spcific features of anti-colonial movement after the Scod World War: the formation of political parties, the beginning of armed strugge, and the new ideological tendecies of the period.
The chapter presents problems of young independent African contries from 1960 until the beginning of the 21st c. It analises the patterns of development that choose, their increasing role on the international arena, the problems of corruption and authoritarianism.
The chapter presents two trends of political thought, which had a great impact on the development of African nationalism after the Second World War.
The chapter analyses Kenya's history from the beginning of the 20th century to the present. The author presents colonial transformation of Kenya's society, and itd development in the post-colonial period. Much attention is paid to anti-colonial struggle, in particular to the formation of political parties and to the anti-colonial uprising, Mau Mau. The political trajectory of the country after it proclaimed independence is followed in detail.
The chapter presents South Africa's history in the 20th and early 21st century. It doscsses this country's main political parties (African National Congress, National Party, , Democratic Union) and anlyses the policy of apartheid and the process of its dismantling. Much attention is paid to the problem of ethnic and race relations, particularly under the black majority rule, as well as to today's political and economic problems of the country.
The chapter presents new tendencies in Africa South of the Sahara in the first 15 years of the 21st century. Among these tendencies are the fall of many authocaratic regimes, attempts at economic reform and a new willingness to rid African societies of corruption. The chapter also speaks of the problems which hapmper the develoment of African countries today.